This is a study of land tenure and rural organization in Persia before the land reforms of 1962-6. The work provides an outline of the history of land tenure and land revenue administration from Islamic times down to the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in 1906 which brought an end to the medieval system of land tenure. It also examines the Pahlavi periods, and covers topics such as legal codes, irrigation, large landlords, peasant proprietors, share-cropping arrangements, agricultural methods and standards of living.
Part 1: Origins - the Arab conquest; revenue administration; the Iqta system and the Sejuqs; the Mongols and the break with tradition; the growth of absolutism - the Safavids; the Afsharid interlude - the rise of the Qajars; the second half of the 19th century - the eve of reform. Part 2: the constitution - the rise of Riza Shah; the civil code; irrigation; Ouqaf; Khaliseh; the large landed proprietors; peasant proprietors and other small owners; tribal areas; the crop-sharing peasant - security of tenure; the division of the crop - rents; personal servitudes and dues; the payment of local officials; flocks and pastures; the problems of the peasant - agricultural methods - debt - standard of living; the future. Appendix: the civil code - on contracts for agricultural and harvesting purposes.