Different ideas of what constitutes an archaeological site have developed over two centuries of scholarship and heritage law in Egypt, with sites often (unconsciously) conceived as lands with museum-quality pieces and striking monumental, mortuary, and/or epigraphic remains. As a result, the material record of the powerful dominates Egyptological discourse, leaving hundreds of unexplored sites in the Delta floodplain and their potential contributions to a narrative of Egyptian culture largely ignored.
Attempting to correct this, the author integrates historical maps, remote sensing data, and ancient texts to understand the dynamic landscape of the western Nile Delta. Weaving together new archaeological survey, Corona satellite images, and a targeted program of drill coring, this volume offers a palimpsest of settlement and paleoenvironment from the New Kingdom to Late Roman era. In the face of forces undermining many sites' integrity, this study adapts techniques in landscape archaeology to an Egyptian context, anticipating triage and salvage in the decades to come.
Joshua R. Trampier received his Ph.D. in Egyptian Archaeology and Egyptology from the University of Chicago in 2010. He has worked in archaeology for fourteen years and in Egypt for over a decade.
Acknowledgments List of Figures List of Tables Abbreviations Introductions Chapter 1: Regional Survey, the Nile Delta Floodplain, and the Archaeological Site in Egypt A Review of Mapping Egyptian Archaeological Sites -- From Holes in the Ground to Lines in the Sand Sites before Sites Service des Antiquites, Egyptology, and Sites as Artifacts A New Level of Detail From AOI to Kom to Cultural Landscape Conclusion Chapter 2: Prior Research within the Cultural and Natural Landscape of the Western Delta Prior Archaeological Research on Historical Settlement in the Southwestern Nile Delta The Naukratis Project Survey Kom el-Hisn Kom Firin Silvagou Kom Dahab Other Koms in the Southwestern Delta Summary Hydrology of the Southwestern Delta Geological Sources on Western Delta Hydrology Historical Sources on Western Delta Hydrology Geomorphology Diagnostic Features of Sedimentary Analysis Previous Geological and Geomorphological Research Conclusions Chapter 3: Methodology for Investigating the Cultural and Natural Landscape of the Western Delta Preliminary Research with Historical Cartography and Remote Sensing Data Historical Cartography Remote Sensing Cultural Inventory Methods Results Detailed Fieldwork and Study Season Surface Topography Surface Collection Drill Coring Shred Analysis Final Assimilation of Results Density Maps and Period Index Geomorphology, Hydrology, kom, and Site Moving Forward Chapter 4: Presentation and Spatial Analysis of Detailed Fieldwork Kom el-Abqa'in (KABQ) General Remarks Topographic Data Surface Collection Data Geomorphological Data Summary Kom el-Ghuzz (KGHZ) - Kom el-Shimuli (KSHM) - Kom Hamrit (KHMR) General Remarks Topographic Data Surface Collection Data Kom el-Ghuzz Kom el-Shimuli Kom Hamrit Distribution Geomorphological Data Summary Kom Abu el-Tubul (KATU) - Kom Sheikh Said Ahmed (KSSA) - Kom Abu Ali (KABA) General Remarks Topographic Data Surface Collection Data Kom Abu Ali Kom Abu el-Tubul Kom Sheikh Said Ahmed Distribution Geomorphological Data Summary Kom Qamha (QMHA) - Kom el-Barud (KBAR) General Remarks Topographic Data Surface Collection Data Kom Qamha Kom el-Barud Distribution Geomorphological Data Summary Kom el-Hisn (KHSN) General Remarks Geomorphological Data Conclusion Chapter 5: Concluding Remarks The Southwestern Delta New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period Late Dynastic Ptolemaic Roman A Dynamic Western Delta Landscape Regional Survey in the Nile Floodplain The Nile Floodplain: Future Prospects Appendix 1: List of koms and archaeological lands Appendix 2: AOIs visited during the Fall 2007 cultural inventory Appendix 3: List of collection units (CUs) identified by CUID Appendix 4: Sums of period indices for each CU Appendix 5: Sums of period indices for all AOIs Bibliography Subject Index