It has become conventional to think of urbanism and landscape as opposing one another--or to think of landscape as merely providing temporary relief from urban life as shaped by buildings and infrastructure. But, driven in part by environmental concerns, landscape has recently emerged as a model and medium for the city, with some theorists arguing that landscape architects are the urbanists of our age. In Landscape as Urbanism, one of the field's pioneers presents a powerful case for rethinking the city through landscape. Charles Waldheim traces the roots of landscape as a form of urbanism from its origins in the Renaissance through the twentieth century. Growing out of progressive architectural culture and populist environmentalism, the concept was further informed by the nineteenth-century invention of landscape architecture as a "new art" charged with reconciling the design of the industrial city with its ecological and social conditions.
In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, as urban planning shifted from design to social science, and as urban design committed to neotraditional models of town planning, landscape urbanism emerged to fill a void at the heart of the contemporary urban project. Generously illustrated, Landscape as Urbanism examines works from around the world by designers ranging from Ludwig Hilberseimer, Andrea Branzi, and Frank Lloyd Wright to James Corner, Adriaan Geuze, and Michael Van Valkenburgh. The result is the definitive account of an emerging field that is likely to influence the design of cities for decades to come.
Charles Waldheim is the John E. Irving Professor and Chair of Landscape Architecture at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design. He is the author of Constructed Ground, the editor of The Landscape Urbanism Reader and Case: Lafayette Park Detroit, and the coeditor of Stalking Detroit and Composite Landscapes, among other books.
Preface vii Acknowledgments viii Introduction: From Figure to Field 2 One: Claiming Landscape as Urbanism 13 Two: Autonomy, Indeterminacy, Self-Organization 32 Three: Planning, Ecology, and the Emergence of Landscape 50 Four: Post-Fordist Economies and Logistics Landscape 69 Five: Urban Crisis and the Origins of Landscape 88 Six: Urban Order and Structural Change 107 Seven: Agrarian Urbanism and the Aerial Subject 124 Eight: Aerial Representation and Airport Landscape 140 Nine: Claiming Landscape as Architecture 160 Conclusion: From Landscape to Ecology 177 Notes 185 Index 197 Credits 204