This new edition of Language and Gender has been thoroughly revised and updated, including the addition of entirely new chapters that explore recent work in the field. A range of approaches is covered at an introductory level, presenting sometimes difficult and complex issues in an understandable way. Every chapter concludes with a list of recommended readings so that each topic can be taken further. Like the first edition, it will be popular with students for its accessibility and with teachers for the range and depth it achieves in a single volume. As in the first edition, the book is organised into three parts. An introductory section provides preliminary grounding in early classic' studies in the field. In the second section, Talbot examines the language used by women and men in a variety of speech situation and genres. She addresses a range of issues and problems, including the difficulties arising from accounting for gender differences in terms of dichotomies like public vs private and informational vs affective and, not least, the trouble with looking for differences' at all. Talbot's emphasis, however, is on recent research.
The last and largest section examines not gender difference but the construction and performance of gender in discourse. It includes new chapters outlining recent research on women's talk in public contexts and on language, gender and sexualities. The section as a whole reflects both the high degree of interest in mass media and popular culture found in recent language and gender research and the preoccupation with discourse and social change that is central to Critical Discourse Analysis. The second edition of Language and Gender will become a key textbook for undergraduates and postgraduates in linguistics, sociolinguistics, cultural and media studies, gender studies and communication studies. The book is usable by students for whom it their first, or only, contact with sociolinguistics.
Mary Talbot is Secretary of the International Gender and Language Association
List of figures and tables. Acknowledgements. Transcription Conventions. Part I Preliminaries: Airing Stereotypes and Early Models. 1 Language and gender. About this book. Linguistic sex differentiation. Sex versus gender. Sex and gender as troublesome dichotomies. Why is language study important for feminism? Further reading. 2 Talking proper. Women, men and Standard' English. Sex, gender and voice quality. Further reading. 3 Women's language' and 'man made language'. Early interest. 'Women's language'. 'Man made language'. Conclusion and lead-in to part II. Further reading. Part II Interaction among Women and Men. 4 Telling stories. Studying stories. Story content. A couple tell a story. At the family dinner-table. Generalizing from research findings. Further reading. 5 Conversation. Conversation as a genre. The conversational division of labour. Miscommunication. Politeness. Men's and women's interactional styles. Equal but different? Further reading. 6 Difference-and-dominance and beyond. Deficit, dominance and difference. The trouble with 'dominance'. The trouble with 'difference'. Beyond difference: the influence of poststructuralism. Further reading. Part III Discourse and Gender: Construction and Performance. 7 Critical perspectives on gender identity. Why critical? Discourse and discourses. Gender identity and subject positioning. The discursive construction of maternity. Examining constructions of gender identity. Further reading. 8 Consumerism. Femininity. Women and consumerism. Multiple voices in magazines. The voice of a friend. Men as consumers. Further reading. 9 New men and old boys. Masculinities. Dominance and control. The importance of being hetero. Change and resistance. Further reading. 10 Public talk. Women and the public sphere. Politics. Broadcast interviews. Women in charge: dealing with the doublebind. Media representations of working women. Further reading. 11 Language, gender and sexuality. Queering gender. Heteronorms. Homosociality among male university students. The sexual politics of consent. Resisting heteronormative identities. Further reading. 12 Reclaiming the language. Modes of struggle. Resistance and Contestation. Struggles over access. Interventions. Counter-resistance. The media. Academia. What is 'political correctness'? Further reading.