Language, Capitalism, Colonialism: Toward a Critical History

Language, Capitalism, Colonialism: Toward a Critical History

By: Bonnie S. McElhinny (author), Monica Heller (author)Paperback

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Heller and McElhinny reinterpret sociolinguistics for the twenty-first century with an original approach to the study of language that is situated in the political and economic contexts of colonialism and capitalism. In the process, they map out a critical history of how language serves, and has served, as a terrain for producing and reproducing social inequalities. The authors ask how, and by whom, ideas about language get unevenly shaped, offering new perspectives that will excite readers and incite further research for years to come.

About Author

Monica Heller is Professor of Anthropology and Education at the University of Toronto, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and a past president of the American Anthropological Association. Bonnie McElhinny is Principal of New College, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Women and Gender Studies at the University of Toronto, and former Director of the Women and Gender Studies Institute.


List of Figures Acknowledgements Preface: Hope Chapter 1: Language, Capitalism, Colonialism: Walking Backward into the Future 1.1 Language and Inequality: A Wary Approach to a Red Thread World 1.2 Red Flags: Keywords, Hegemonies, Ideologies, and Warty Genealogies 1.3 Language Out of Place 1.4 Knotted Histories: Following the Threads through the Book 1.5 The End of the Beginning PART I: LANGUAGE, INTIMACY, AND EMPIRE Chapter 2: Language and Imperialism I: Conversion and Kinship 2.1 "The First Nations Bible Translation Capacity-Building Initiative" 2.2 Colonialism, Imperialism, Postcolonialism, Decolonization 2.3 Intimacy and Connection Across Five Continents 2.4 Reduced to and by Christian Love: Missionary Linguistics 2.5 Family Trees, Comparative Philology and Secular Religion Chapter 3: Language and Imperialism II: Evolution, Hybridity, History 3.1 "Mixing Things Up" 3.2 Imperialism and Industrial Capitalism 3.3 Evolutionary Theory: Language and/as Race 3.4 Slavery, Plantation, Labour, Trade, and "Mixed" Languages 3.5 Americanist Anthropology: The Limits of Cultural Critiques of Evolutionary Racism American Modern: Assimilating Blackness, Disappearing Indigeneity American Primitive: Extracting Language 3.6 Linguistic Relativity, Colonial Ambivalence, and Modern Alienation PART II: THE CONTRADICTIONS OF LANGUAGE IN INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM Chapter 4: Language and European Notions of Nation and State: 4.1 "Le Symbole" 4.2 The Emergence of the Nation-State in Europe 4.3 Markets and Liberal Democracy 4.4 Making Subjects Through Language Regimentation: Census, Standardization, Literacy Standardization: Grammars, Dictionaries, Canons, Pedagogies 4.5 Language and Differential Citizenship 4.6 Creating Peripheries 4.7 Regulating Relations in Industrial Capitalism 4.8 Making Scientific Linguistic Expertise Chapter 5: Internationalism, Communism, and Fascism: Alternative Modernities 5.1 "Visions of the Future" 5.2 Peace, Geopolitics, and International Auxiliary Languages 5.3 Making Communist Linguistics Marrism The Bakhtin Circle From Language as Action to Language as Tool in the Cold War 5.4. Language and Fascism National Socialism in Germany Language and Race: Yiddish and Esperanto Race, Propaganda, and Mass Media 5.5 Fault Lines PART III: BRAVE NEW WORLDS: LANGUAGE AS TECHNOLOGY, LANGUAGE AS TECHNIQUE Chapter 6: The Cold War: Surveillance, Structuralism, and Security 6.1 "Black Out" 6.2 Battles for Hearts and Minds 6.3 The Investigation of Linguists During the McCarthy Period 6.4 Suspicious Words, Suspicious Minds The Prague Linguistics Circle Fear of the Translator 6.5 Infrastructure and Institutionalization: Communication Studies, Area Studies, Linguistics, Applied Linguistics 6.6 Machine Translation and the Rise of Syntax Rational and Universal Principles for Linguistic Analysis: Late Structuralist Linguistics Freedom, Creativity, and Human Nature: The Rise of Generative Linguistics 6.7 Nineteen Eighty-Four as a Weapon of the Cold War Chapter 7: On the Origins of 'Sociolinguistics': Democracy, Development and Emancipation 7.1 "A Dialectologist in India" 7.2 Engineering Language: Literacy, Standardization, and Education 7.3 Language Policy and Planning: Technocratic Solutions 7.4 Domestic Development and American Sociolinguistics Challenging "Deficit": Three Approaches Fear of the Political 7.5 Challenging Consensus Feminist Linguistics Difference and Domination: Anti-Racist Critiques 7.6 Pidgins, Creoles, and New Nationalisms 7.7 The Rise of Sociolinguistics in Europe: Class and Conflict 7.8 The End of the Trente Glorieuses Chapter 8: Language in Late Capitalism: Intensifications, Unruly Desires, and Alternative Worlds 8.1 "Nayaano-nibii maang Gichigamiin" 8.2 Late Capitalism: The Expanding Reach of the Market and the Neoliberal State 8.3 Language, Inequality, and Ideology 8.4 Managing Your Assets: Language Quality, Linguistic Diversity, and Citizenship 8.5 Brave New Selves: "I am a Business, Man!" 8.6 Affect, Authenticity, and Embodiment 8.7 Recapturing the Commons 8.8 Reclamation, Redress, Refusal, and Reimagining 8.9 This is How We Hope References Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781442606203
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 336
  • ID: 9781442606203
  • weight: 500
  • ISBN10: 1442606207

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