This book collects a selection of fifteen papers presented at three meetings of the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics in 1996 and 1997. The focus is on papers which approach issues in creole studies with novel perspectives, address understudied pidgin and creole varieties, or compellingly argue for controversial positions. The papers demonstrate how pidgins and creoles shed light on issues such as verb movement, contact-induced language change and its gradations, discourse management via tense-aspect particles, language genesis, substratal transfer, and Universal Grammar, and cover a wide range of contact languages, ranging from English- and French-based creoles through Portuguese creoles of Africa and Asia, Sango, Popular Brazilian Portuguese, West African Pidgin Englishes, and Hawaiian Creole English.
1. Preface; 2. Verb Movement in four Creole Languages: A Comparative Analysis (by Baptista, Marlyse); 3. Notes on Componential Diffusion in the Genesis of the Kabuverdianu Cluster (by Bartens, Angela); 4. "High" Kweyol: The Emergence of a Formal Creole Register in St Lucia (by Garrett, Paul B.); 5. From Latin to Early Romance: A Case of Partial Creolization? (by Goyette, Stephane); 6. The Creole verb: A Comparative Study of Stativity and Time Reference (by Holm, John); 7. Are Creole Languages "Perfect" Languages? (by Kihm, Alain); 8. The Origin of the Syntax and Semantics of Property Items in the Surinamese Plantation Creole (by Migge, Bettina); 9. Variable Concord in Portuguese: The Situation in Brazil and Portugal (by Naro, Anthony J.); 10. Nativization and the genesis of Hawaiian Creole (by Roberts, Sarah J.); 11. The Status of Sango in Fact and Fiction. On the one-hundredth anniversary of its conception (by Samarin, William J.); 12. Optimality Theory, the Minimal-Word Constraint, and the Historical Sequencing of Substrate Influence in Pidgin/Creole Genesis (by Singler, John Victor); 13. The Story of kom in Nigerian Pidgin English (by Tagliamonte, Sali A.); 14. Tense and Aspect in Sranan and the Creole Prototype (by Winford, Donald); 15. Chaos and Creoles. Towards a New Paradigm? (by Lang, George); 16. Wh-words and Question Formation in Pidgin/Creole Languages (by Clements, J. Clancy); 17. Index