A number of factors-new research into human and animal consciousness, a heightened awareness of the methods and consequences of intensive farming, and modern concerns about animal welfare and ecology-have made our relationship to animals an area of burning interest in contemporary philosophy. Utilizing methods inspired by Ludwig Wittgenstein, the contributors to this volume explore this area in a variety of ways. Topics discussed include: * scientific vs. non-scientific ways of describing human and animal behaviour * the ethics of eating particular animal species * human nature, emotions, and instinctive reactions * responses of wonder towards the natural world * the moral relevance of literature * the concept of dignity * the question of whether non-human animals can use language This book will be of great value to anyone interested in philosophical and interdisciplinary issues concerning language, ethics and humanity's relation to animals and the natural world.
Niklas Forsberg is Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at Uppsala University, Sweden. Mikel Burley is Lecturer in Religion and Philosophy at the University of Leeds, UK. Nora Hamalainen is post-doctoral researcher and temporary lecturer in philosophy at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and former editor-in-chief of the Helsinki-based cultural weekly Ny Tid.
Acknowledgements Notes on Contributors Introduction Niklas Forsberg 1. Humanizing Nonhumans: Ape Language Research as Critique of Metaphysics Par Segerdahl 2. Ethics and Language: What We Owe to Speakers David Cockburn 3. The Difficulty of Language: Wittgenstein on Animals and Humans Nancy E. Baker 4. Rape among the Panorpidae, Spouse Abuse among the Mantis Religiosa, and Other 'Reproductive Strategies' in the Animal and Human World Olli Lagerspetz 5. Three Perspectives on Altruism Ylva Gustafsson 6. Talking about Emotion Camilla Kronqvist 7. Man as a Moral Animal: Moral Language-Games, Certainty, and the Emotions Julia Hermann 8. Living with Animals, Living as an Animal Anne Le Goff 9. What's Wrong with a Bite of Dog? Rami Gudovitch 10. Second Nature and Animal Life Stefano Di Brisco 11. Wittgenstein, Wonder and Attention to Animals Mikel Burley 12. Honour, Dignity and the Realm of Meaning Nora Hamalainen 13. W. G. Sebald and the Ethics of Narrative Alice Crary Bibliography Index
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