Research monograph explaining how language is learnt, stored and used by the brain from the perspective of neurolinguistics. This book assesses current assumptions about how language is acquired, remembered and retained as impulses in the brain, from the perspective of neurolinguistics, which is based on neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Fred C. C. Peng argues that language is behaviour, which has evolved in human genetics through time. Like all behaviours, language utilises many body parts which are controlled by the cortical and subcortical structures of the brain. Language in the brain is memory-governed, meaning-centred, and multifaceted. This view is a challenge to conventional neuroscience, which sees language and speech as separate entities; such a convention is not consistent with how the brain functions. Dr Peng's study of language in the brain has wide-reaching implications for the study of language disorders, neurolinguistics, and psycholinguistics in dealing with dementia, aphasia, and schizophrenia. This cutting-edge research monograph presents challenging new insights in the field of neuroscience to a linguistic audience and will also benefit neuroscientists.
It will be essential reading for academics researching any aspect of language and the brain.
Fred C.C. Peng is a behavioural neuroscientist in the Department of Neurosurgery and the Neurological Institute at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan. As an anthropologist specializing in linguistics, he did post-doctoral work in the basic sciences and medical sciences.
Introduction; Part I. What is Language?; 1.A Brief History of Linguistics: What Went Wrong?; 2. Historical Perspective from the Point of View of Semiotics; 3. Historical Perspective from the Medical and Paramedical Point of View; Part II. What Can Be Done about the Current Situations?; 4. A Mild Proposal; Part III. The Individual Aspect of Parole; 5. Language Behavior and Body Movements; 6. The Physical Basis of Life; 7. Embryonic Development of the Nervous System; 8. Fetal Development of the Nervous System; 9. Phylogenic and Ontogenic Origin of the Complexity of Neuronal Circuitry; 10. Species-Specific Function of the Human Vocal Apparatus; 11. Structural Divisions of the Nervous System; Part IV. The Individual Aspect of Langue; 12. Language in the Brain is Memory-Governed; 13. Language in the Brain is Meaning-Centered; 14. Language in the Brain is Multifaceted; 15. Language in the Brain is Stratified; 16. Evolution of Language: What Evolved?; 17. Cerebral Dominance and Cerebral Laterality; Fact or Fiction?; Part V. Production and Reception; 18. Construction of Meaning: Mapping of Content onto Expression; 19. Reconstruction of Meaning: Coupling of Expression and Content; Part VI. Summary and Conclusion; 20. Summary and Conclusion.