In today's increasingly interconnected, knowledge-based world, language policy in higher education is rapidly becoming a crucial area for all societies aiming to play a part in the global economy. The challenge is double faceted: how can universities retain their crucial role of creating the intellectual elites who are indispensable for the running of national affairs and, at the same time, prepare their best-educated citizens for competition in a global market? To what extent is English really pushing other languages out of the academic environment? Drawing on the experience of several medium-sized language communities, this volume provides the reader with some important insights into how language policies can be successfully implemented. The different sociolinguistic contexts under scrutiny offer an invaluable comparative standpoint to understand what position can - or could - be occupied by each language at the level of higher education.
F. Xavier Vila is an associate professor in the Department of Catalan Philology and Director of the University Centre for Sociolinguistics and Communication at the Universitat de Barcelona. He has published widely in the areas of sociolinguistics, demolinguistics and language policy, including Survival and Development of Language Communities: Prospects and Challenges (Multilingual Matters, 2013). Vanessa Bretxa is a researcher in the sociology of language at the University Centre for Sociolinguistics and Communication at the Universitat de Barcelona and a part-time lecturer in the Department of Linguistics at the same university. She is also the co-editor of the academic journal Language, Society and Communication.
1. F. Xavier Vila: Language Policy in Higher Education in Medium-sized Language Communities: An Introduction 2. Hartmut Haberland and Bent Preisler: The Position of Danish, English and other Languages at Danish Universities in the Context of Danish Society 3. Tamah Sherman: The Position of Czech and other Languages at Universities in the Czech Republic: Some Initial Observations 4. Sabine Yloenen: The Position of Finnish and Swedish as well as other Languages at Universities in Finland 5. Drorit Ram: Challenges for Hebrew in Higher Education and Research Environments 6. Anne-Marie Beukes: Challenges for South Africa's Medium-sized Indigenous Languages in Higher Education and Research Environments 7. Eva Pons Parera: The Position of Catalan in Higher Education in Catalonia 8. F. Xavier Vila: Medium-sized Languages as Viable Linguae Academicae