Globalization has many faces. One of them is the transformation of language regimes caused by the spread of English. This book provides an in-depth account of how two highly developed all-purpose national languages, Japanese and German, are affected by this process. In the international arena, they no longer compete with English, but their status as foreign languages in third countries as well as in their home countries is in flux. Original empirical and theoretical contributions are presented in this up-to-date study of language regime change.