Language Typology: Papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Berkeley, 1-3 Dec 1987 - Systematic Balance in Language (Current Issues in Linguisti
By: Winfred P. Lehmann (volume_editor)Hardback
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These papers from the 1987 Typology Symposium - a follow-up to the 1985 meeting in Moscow - deal with the relevance of typology for historical linguistics. Its application in understanding phonological and grammatical change is examined for a variety of languages. Its relevance for application of the comparative method and the method of internal reconstruction is noted with reference to the glottalic theory and problems in other language families. Among the several approaches, alignment typology is especially examined, with languages defined as accusative, ergative or stative-active an approach to which linguists of the USSR have made important contributions in recent years.Among specific problems examined are tonogenesis in Na-Dene, the origin of the genitive in ergative languages, and relative pronouns of Indo-European languages in the context of the Eurasiatic hypothesis. Along with changes in other languages (like those of East and Southeast Asia), these problems are discussed in an effort to determine general and specific tendencies in language change, and to contribute towards the development of diachronic typology.
1. General and specific tendencies in historical change of language type (by Yartseva, Viktoria N.); 2. Typology in the service of internal reconstruction: Saxalin Nivx (by Austerlitz, Robert); 3. Typology and phonological history (by Timberlake, Alan); 4. Diachronic typology and reconstruction: The "Archaim" of Germanic and American in light of the Glottalic Theory (by Gamkrelidze, Thomas V.); 5. Alignment typology and diachronic change (by Harris, Alice C.); 6. On the soource of the genitive in ergative languages (by Klimov, Georgij A.); 7. Some preconditions and typical traits of the Stative-Active language type (with reference to Proto-Indo- european) (by Nichols, Johanna); 8. Historical morphemics aand unit-order typology (by Vinogradov, Viktor A.); 9. Relative pronouns and P.I.E. Word order type in the context of the eurasiatic hypothesis (by Greenberg, Joseph H.); 10. Diachronic change and typology, as illustrated with languages of east and southeast Asia (by Solntseva, Nina V.); 11. Typology and change in Alaskan languages (by Krauss, Michael E.); 12. Principles of grammaticization: towards a diachronic typology (by Hopper, Paul J.); 13. Syntactic Residues (by Lehmann, Winfred P.); 14. References; 15. Index
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