This volume explores various hitherto under-researched relationships between languages and their discourse-cultural settings. The first two sections analyze the complex interplay between lexico-grammatical organization and communicative contexts. Part I focuses on structural options in syntax, deepening the analysis of information-packaging strategies. Part II turns to lexical studies, covering such matters as human perception and emotion, the psychological understanding of `home' and `abroad', the development of children's emotional life and the relation between lexical choice and sexual orientation. The final chapters consider how new techniques of contrastive linguistics and pragmatics are contributing to the primary field of application for contrastive analysis, language teaching and learning. The book will be of special interest to scholars and students of linguistics, discourse analysis and cultural studies and to those entrusted with teaching European languages and cultures. The major languages covered are Akan, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish and Swedish.
1. Contributors; 2. Introduction; 3. Part I. Information structure; 4. Theme zones in contrast: An analysis of their linguistic realization in the communicative act of a non-acceptance (by Fetzer, Anita); 5. Last things first: An FDG approach to clause-final focus constituents in Spanish and English (by Hannay, Mike); 6. Contrastive perspectives on cleft sentences (by Gundel, Jeanette K.); 7. The position of adverbials and the pragmatic organization of the sentence: A comparison of French and Dutch (by Magnus, Ilse); 8. Part II. Lexis in contrast; 9. Swedish verbs of perception from a typological and contrastive perspective (by Viberg, Ake); 10. 'Abroad' and semantically related terms in some European languages and in Akan (Ghana) (by Fretheim, Thorstein); 11. The expression of emotion in Italian and English fairy tales (by Pounds, Gabrina); 12. The feminine stereotype in gay characterization: A look at English and Spanish (by Rodriguez Gonzalez, Felix); 13. Part III. Contrastive perspectives on SLA; 14. Communicative tasks across languages: Movie narratives in English, in English as a foreign language and in German (by Jucker, Andreas H.); 15. Linguistic theory and bilingual systems: Simultaneous and sequential English/Spanish bilingualism (by Fernandez Fuertes, Raquel); 16. Awareness of orthographic form and morphophonemic learning in EFL (by Benson, Edward Dalley); 17. Contrastive intonation and error analysis: Tonality and tonicity in the interlanguage of a group of Spanish learners of English (by Diez, Francisco Gutierrez); 18. Author index; 19. Index of languages; 20. Index of terms