Large Clusters of Atoms and Molecules: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Erice, Sicily, Italy, June 19-29, 1995 (NATO Science Series E
By: T. P. Martin (editor)Hardback
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Very recently it has become possible to produce and characterize large clusters containing an exact, predetermined number of atoms. Through these efforts it has become clear that clusters containing even as many as 20,000 atoms cannot yet be considered as being tiny crystals. Their structure is often icosahedral. Their electrons are organized into shells rather than bands. In many respects the clusters behave more like giant atoms than solids. Only a few groups have begun to develop the experimental and theoretical techniques needed for the study of clusters containing 100 or more atoms. In this work, representatives from these groups have contributed tutorial chapters explaining the methods they have developed.
Preface. I. Shells and Supershells. Semiclassical Methods for the Description of Large Metal Clusters; M. Brack, et al. Effects of the Surface and Finite Temperature on the Electronic Structure of Metal Clusters; M. Manninen. Electronic Shells and Supershells in Gallium and Aluminum Clusters; J. Lerme, et al. Electronic Shells in Large Quantum Dots; P.E. Lindelof, et al. Electron Shell Structure and Cluster Abundances; S. Bjornholm, et al. Shell-Correction Methods for Clusters: Theory and Applications; C. Yannouleas, U. Landman. Thermodynamics and Decay of Liquid Alkali Clusters; S. Frauendorf, V.V. Pashkevich. II. Structure and Dynamics. Convergence of Cluster Properties Towards Bulk Behavior: How Large is Large? O. Echt. Theoretical Predictions of Structure and Thermodynamics in the Large Cluster Regime; D.J. Wales, J.P.K. Doye. Phases and Phase Changes of Clusters; R.S. Berry. Topographies and Dynamics of Many-Dimensional Potential Surfaces; R.S. Berry, R.E. Kunz. Photofragmentation of Hot Clusters: Evaporation, Fission, and Photofragmentation Spectroscopy; C. Brechignac, et al. Structure and Properties of Metal Clusters and Colloids in Ligand Shells; G. Pacchioni, N. Rosch. Dynamics of Cluster Reactions and Ionization: From Semiconductor to Hydrogen-Bonded/Van der Waal Systems; A.W. Castleman, et al. III. Carbon Clusters. The Growth and the Death of Carbon Fullerenes and Nanotubes; D. Tomanek. Lessons of a Discovery: Fullerenes and Other Clusters in Chemistry; I. Hargittai. Carbon Nanotubes and Aligned Carbon Nanotube Films; W.A. de Heer, et al. IV. Experimental and Theoretical Techniques. Impacting Clusters; J. Gspann. Manipulation of Atomsand Clusters by STM; F. Grey, et al. Optical Properties of Free and Embedded Metal Clusters: Recent Results; U. Kreibig, et al. Large Scale Simulations Using Tight Binding Molecular Dynamics; L. Colombo. Characterization of a Source of Large Clusters; U. Zimmermann, et al. Subject Index.
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