This groundbreaking multidisciplinary book presents significant essays on historical indigenous violence in Latin America from Tierra del Fuego to central Mexico. The collection explores those uniquely human motivations and environmental variables that have led to the native peoples of Latin America engaging in warfare and ritual violence since antiquity. Based on an American Anthropological Association symposium, this book collects twelve contributions from sixteen authors, all of whom are scholars at the forefront of their fields of study. All of the chapters advance our knowledge of the causes, extent, and consequences of indigenous violence?including ritualized violence?in Latin America. Each major historical/cultural group in Latin America is addressed by at least one contributor. Incorporating the results of dozens of years of research, this volume documents evidence of warfare, violent conflict, and human sacrifice from the fifteenth century to the twentieth, including incidents that occurred before European contact.
Together the chapters present a convincing argument that warfare and ritual violence have been woven into the fabric of life in Latin America since remote antiquity. For the first time, expert subject-area work on indigenous violence, rchaeological, osteological, ethnographic, historical, and forensic?has been assembled in one volume. Much of this work has heretofore been dispersed across various countries and languages. With its collection into one English-language volume, all future writers?regardless of their discipline or point of view?will have a source to consult for further research. CONTENTS Acknowledgments Introduction Richard J. Chacon and Ruben G. Mendoza 1.��Status Rivalry and Warfare in the Development and Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Matt O?Mansky and Arthur A. Demarest 2.��Aztec Militarism and Blood Sacrifice: The Archaeology and Ideology of Ritual Violence Ruben G. Mendoza 3.��Territorial Expansion and Primary State Formation in Oaxaca, Mexico Charles S. Spencer 4.��Images of Violence in Mesoamerican Mural Art Donald McVicker 5.��Circum-Caribbean Chiefly Warfare Elsa M. Redmond 6.��Conflict and Conquest in Pre-Hispanic Andean South America: Archaeological Evidence from Northern Coastal Peru John W.
Verano 7.��The Inti Raymi Festival among the Cotacachi and Otavalo of Highland Ecuador: Blood for the Earth Richard J. Chacon, Yamilette Chacon, and Angel Guandinango 8.��Upper Amazonian Warfare Stephen Beckerman and James Yost 9.��Complexity and Causality in Tupinamba Warfare William Balee 10.��Hunter-Gatherers? Aboriginal Warfare in Western Chaco Marcela Mendoza 11.��The Struggle for Social Life in Fuego-Patagonia Alfredo Prieto and Rodrigo Cardenas 12.��Ethical Considerations and Conclusions Regarding Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence in Latin America Richard J. Chacon and Ruben G. Mendoza References About the Contributors Index
Richard J. Chacon is an assistant professor of anthropology at Winthrop University in Rock Hill, South Carolina. He has conducted extensive ethnographic fieldwork among the indigenous peoples of Venezuela, Peru, and Ecuador. Ruben G. Mendoza is a professor of social and behavioral sciences at California State University, Monterey Bay, where he founded and directs the Institute for Archaeological Science, Technology, and Visualization. A widely published author, he is also a past president of the Association of Latina and Latino Anthropologists. "
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