Throughout the Americas, indigenous people have been arguing that they should be entitled, as "first peoples," to representation in local, national, and international fora in a capacity different from that of other civil society groups. Latin America's Multicultural Movements is a collection of empirically-based chapters that advance debates concerning multiculturalism and indigenous and minority group rights in Latin America by looking at the struggle between communitarianism, autonomy, and human rights. Rather than advancing a particular argument for or against multiculturalism, the book includes contributions from top Latin American scholars with a range of ideological positions to provide a comparative set of perspectives on the issue. While the book addresses highly polemical debates, it does so in a way that moves beyond the ideological clashes that characterize most of the literature and invites readers to explore how multicultural reforms affect people in their everyday lives, as well as in political parties, elected offices, and interest groups.
The chapters, which include case studies from Mexico, Bolivia and Ecuador, look at the controversial role of the state regarding multicultural rights and discuss whether the state enables or hinders the advancement of multicultural rights.
Todd A. Eisenstadt is Professor and former Chair of the Government Department at American University. He is author of Politics, Identity and Mexico's Indigenous Rights Movements, which received the 2012 Van Cott Prize from the Latin American Studies Association for best book in Latin American Political Institutions. Michael S. Danielson is a comparative politics PhD candidate at American University. Moises Jaime Bailon Corres is a former advisor to the Controller General of Oaxaca, in the Secretariat of Government of the Republic, and was a member of the Oaxaca State Congress from 1995 to 1998. As a state congressman, he served as President of the Commission on Indigenous Affairs. Carlos Sorroza Polo is Research Professor at the Institute of Sociological Research of Universidad Autonoma Benito Juarez de Oaxaca.
Introduction: Reconciling Liberal Pluralism and Group Rights: A Comparative Perspective on the "Oaxaca Experiment" in Multiculturalism - Todd A. Eisenstadt ; 1) Ambivalent Multiculturalisms: Perversity, Futility and Jeopardy in Latin America - Jose Antonio Lucero ; 2) Constitutional Multiculturalism in Chiapas and Beyond: Hollow Reforms to Nullify Autonomy Rights - Araceli Burguete Cal y Mayor (translated by Drew McKelvey). ; MULTICULTURAL AND AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS IN THE ANDES ; 3) Uses of Autonomy: The Evolution of Multicultural Discourse in Bolivian Politics - Erik Cooke ; 4) Bolivia's New Multicultural Constitution: The 2009 Constitution in Historical and Comparative Perspective - Miguel Centellas ; 5) The Crisis of the Indigenous Movement and the Ambiguities in Indigenous Rights in Ecuador in the 21st Century - Carmen Martinez Novo ; MULTICULTURAL AND AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS IN OAXACA, MEXICO ; 6) What We Need are New Customs: Multiculturality, Autonomy and Citizenship in Mexico and the Lessons of Oaxaca - Victor Leonel Juan Martinez (translated by Michael S. Danielson) ; 7) Political Subsystems in Oaxaca's Usos y Costumbres Municipalities: An Analysis of the Civil-Religious Service Background of Mayors - Carlos Sorroza Polo and Michael S. Danielson (translated by Drew McKelvy) ; 8) Community Strength and Customary Law: Explaining Migrant Participation in Indigenous Oaxaca - Michael S. Danielson ; THE STATE AND MULTICULTURAL RIGHTS: ENABLER OR MENACE? ; 9) Multicultural Reforms for Mexico's 'Tranquil' Indians in Yucatan - Shannan Mattiace ; 10) Balancing Tensions Between Communitarian and Individual Rights and the Challenges These Present for Multicultural States - Todd Eisenstadt and Willibald Sonnleitner
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