Jewish legal and political thought developed in conditions of exile, where Jews had neither a state of their own nor citizenship in any other. What use, then, can this body of thought be today to Jews living in Israel or as emancipated citizens in secular democratic states? Can a culture of exile be adapted to help Jews find ways of being at home politically today? These questions are central in Law, Politics, and Morality in Judaism, a collection of essays by contemporary political theorists, philosophers, and lawyers. How does Jewish law accommodate--or fail to accommodate--the practice of democratic citizenship? What range of religious toleration and pluralism is compatible with traditional Judaism? What forms of coexistence between Jews and non-Jews are required by shared citizenship? How should Jews operating within halakha (Jewish law) and Jewish history judge the use of force by modern states? The authors assembled here by prominent political theorist Michael Walzer come from different points on the religious-secular spectrum, and they differ greatly in their answers to such questions.
But they all enact the relationship at issue since their answers, while based on critical Jewish texts, also reflect their commitments as democratic citizens. The contributors are Michael Walzer, David Biale, the late Robert M. Cover, Menachem Fisch, Geoffrey B. Levey, David Novak, Aviezer Ravitzky, Adam B. Seligman, Suzanne Last Stone, and Noam J. Zohar.
Michael Walzer is a permanent member at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. He is the author of "The Revolution of the Saints, Just and Unjust Wars, Spheres of Justice, Toleration," and "Politics and Passion".
Preface by Michael Walzer vii PART I: POLITICAL ORDER AND CIVIL SOCIETY 1 Chapter One: Obligation: A Jewish Jurisprudence of the Social Order by Robert M. Cover 3 Chapter Two: Judaism and Civil Society by Suzanne Last Stone 12 Chapter Three: Civil Society and Government by Noam J. Zohar 34 Chapter Four: Autonomy and Modernity by David Biale 50 PART II: TERRITORY, SOVEREIGNTY, AND INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY 55 Chapter Five: Land and People by David Novak 57 Chapter Six: Contested Boundaries: Visions of a Shared World by Noam J. Zohar 83 Chapter Seven: Diversity, Tolerance, and Sovereignty by Menachem Fisch 96 Chapter Eight: Responses to Modernity by Adam B. Seligman 121 Chapter Nine: Judaism and Cosmopolitanism by David Novak 128 PART III: WAR AND PEACE 147 Chapter Ten: Commanded and Permitted Wars by Michael Walzer 149 Chapter Eleven: Prohibited Wars by Aviezer Ravitzky 169 Chapter Twelve: Judaism and the Obligation to Die for the State by Geoffrey B. Levey 182 Contributors 209 Index 211