International military interventions can be extremely costly in terms of monetary resources, logistical challenges, and possible soldier and civilian casualties, as well as the potential for catastrophic results to international relations and agreements. In one such example of these enormous potential costs, the US and UK wished to stop a Russian ship from delivering ammunition to the Assad regime in Syria in 2012. Intercepting or confronting a Russian ship in
transit could have erupted into open conflict, so they sought an alternative, non-confrontational maneuver: instead of military intervention, the UK persuaded the ship's insurer, London's Standard Club, to withdraw the ship's insurance. This loss of insurance caused the ship to return to Russia, thus
avoiding an international clash as well as the delivery of deadly weapons to Syria. This use of legal maneuvering in lieu of armed force is known as "lawfare" and is becoming a critical strategic platform.
In Lawfare, author Orde Kittrie's draws on his experiences as a lawfare practitioner, US State Department attorney, and international law scholar in analyzing the theory and practice of the strategic leveraging of law as an increasingly powerful and effective weapon in the current global security landscape. Lawfare incorporates case studies of recent offensive and defensive lawfare by the United States, Iran, China, and by both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and includes
dozens of examples of how lawfare has thus been waged and defended against. Kittrie notes that since private attorneys can play important and decisive roles in their nations' national security plans through their expertise in areas like financial law, maritime insurance law, cyber law, and telecommunications
law, the full scope of lawfare's impact and possibilities are just starting to be understood. With international security becoming an ever complicated minefield of concerns and complications, understanding this alternative to armed force has never been more important.
Orde F. Kittrie is Professor of Law at Arizona State University's Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law and a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. A renowned expert on lawfare, nonproliferation, and national security law, he served as an attorney in the U.S. Department of State for over a decade in several key positions, including as Director of the Office of International Anti-Crime Programs and as lead attorney for Nuclear Affairs. He continues to consult for the U.S. Department of Defense on lawfare issues and the intersection of law and policy.
Foreword by R. James Woolsey, Jr., former Director of Central Intelligence ; 1. A Conceptual Introduction to Lawfare ; 2. Chinese Lawfare ; 3. Palestinian Instrumental Lawfare Against Israel, and Israeli Reaction ; 4. Hamas Battlefield Lawfare Against Israel ; 5. Israeli Offensive Lawfare and its Adversaries' Responses ; 6. The U.S. and its Defensive Responses to Lawfare ; 7. U.S. Lawfare Directed Against Iran: Financial, Energy, and Non-Proliferation ; 8. U.S. Private Sector Attorneys in Lawfare ; 9. The Future of Lawfare ; Index