In the late-19th-century, the main cash crop of Harerge, Ethiopia, shifted from coffee and food crops to khat, a quasi-legal psychoactive shrub. This text examines the demographic, market and political factors behind this change and explores the consequences.
North America: Ohio U Press
Part 1 Beginnings: introduction - social and historiographical contexts; the setting - regional landscapes. Part 2 Khat, agriculture and trade: land and railway - structures of agricluture and trade in Harerge, 1875-1935; production - the agrarian system, population growth and farming strategies, 1935-1964; consumption and marketing - protest, pastime and political economy 1035-64; export trade - constraints, control and contraband, 1064-74; domestic use and trade - consumption, structures of distribution and crop competition, 1964-74. Part 3 Khat and agrarian transformation: the khat boom - production and exchange in a controlled economy, 1974-91; khat and contraband - profits, professions and parallel market; conclusion - the dilemma of a khat-based development. Appendix:: coffee and khat exports from Harerge, 1936-91.