One child in five in America is the child of immigrants, and their numbers increase each year. Very few will return to the country they barely remember. Who are they, and what America do they know?
Based on an extraordinary interdisciplinary study that followed 400 newly arrived children from the Caribbean, China, Central America, and Mexico for five years, this book provides a compelling account of the lives, dreams, and frustrations of these youngest immigrants. Richly told portraits of high and low achievers are packed with unexpected ironies. When they arrive, most children are full of optimism and a respect for education. But poor neighborhoods and dull--often dangerous--schools can corrode hopes. The vast majority learn English--but it is the English of video games and the neighborhood, not that of standardized tests.
For some of these children, those heading off to college, America promises to be a land of dreams. These lucky ones have often benefited from caring mentors, supportive teachers, or savvy parents. For others, the first five years are marked by disappointments, frustrations, and disenchantment. How can we explain their varied academic journeys?
The children of immigrants, here to stay, are the future--and how they adapt will determine the nature of America in the twenty-first century.
Carola Suarez-Orozco is Professor of Human Development and Psychology and Co-Director of the Institute for Immigrant Children, Youth, and Families at the University of California, Los Angeles. Marcelo M. Suarez-Orozco is Dean of the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, Distinguished Professor of Education, and Co-Director of the Institute for Immigrant Children, Youth, and Families at the University of California, Los Angeles. Irina Todorova is an international health psychology consultant in Boston.
Introduction: The Long View on Immigrant Students 1. Academic Engagement and Performance 2. Networks of Relationships 3. Less-Than-Optimal Schools 4. The Challenge of Learning English 5. Portraits of Declining Achievers 6. Portraits of Low Achievers 7. Portraits of Improvers 8. Portraits of High Achievers Conclusion: Immigration Policy Dilemmas Notes References Acknowledgments Index Tables and Figures