Learning and Cognition: The Design of t... | WHSmith Books
Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind

Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind

By: Michael E. Martinez (author)Paperback

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Description

What is the design of the mind? What does that design imply for education? This comprehensive and engaging introduction to human learning and its applications to education focuses on these vital questions by exploring the theories of knowledge, complex cognition, and human intelligence, presenting a clear and interesting overview of the human mind through multiple theoretical lenses. The author delineates how the mind has a clear design, or architecture, that explains simple acts of memory and complex cognition, to highly creative acts and leaps of scientific or artistic insight. Topics covered throughout the text include: memory, motivation, cognitive development, the brain, and intelligence. Unique to this text, the author has provided an interdisciplinary chapter dedicated to theories of knowledge, extended coverage of expert-novice differences and talent development, and a chapter devoted to intelligence. Readers will appreciate special features like Learning Strategies which cover specific application of the theories to classroom practice, and Interest Magnets which explore fascinating topics such as photographic memory, sleep learning, and Einstein's brain. Written like a narrative, Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind will delight its readers' interest and attention as they learn about the theories of human learning and cognition and the improvement of the mind through education.

About Author

Michael E. Martinez received his Ph.D. in educational psychology from Stanford University. A former high school science teacher, Professor Martinez conducts research on human intelligence, assessment, and science learning. He is a former Fulbright Scholar and received the Presidential Commendation for Contributions to Psychology from the American Psychological Association.

Contents

CHAPTER 1: IntroductionFour ParadigmsWhere is Education?What is Education?The Design of Educational Experience SECTION I: THE MIND'S ARCHITECTURE CHAPTER 2: Behaviorism Why Study Behavior?Classical ConditioningEarly Behaviorism in AmericaClassical Conditioning and EducationOperant ConditioningBehaviorism's Enduring ImpactBehaviorism ChallengedIs There a Downside to Behaviorism?Learning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 3: The Cognitive ArchitectureThe Computer MetaphorThe Sensory RegisterShort-Term/Working MemoryLong-Term MemorySummarizing the Cognitive ArchitectureBasic Cognitive ProcessesThe Funnel of InformationChunking and AutomaticityLaws of LearningLearning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 4: Theories of KnowledgePhilosophySemioticsLinguisticsArtificial IntelligencePsychologyAnthropologyLearning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 5: Complex Cognition MetacognitionProblem SolvingCritical ThinkingInferential ReasoningCreativityThe Nature of Higher-Order ThoughtThe Social Origins of Complex CognitionLearning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 6: Motivation Volition and EmotionThe Trilogy of MindEmotionsMotivation Theories Based on Global MotivesMotivation Theories Based on Beliefs About EventsMotivation Theories Based on Beliefs About SelfGoalsSelf-RegulationNew DirectionsLearning StrategiesConclusion SECTION II: DEVELOPING MINDS CHAPTER 7: Cognitive Development and ExpertiseWhat is Development?Cognitive Development: PiagetNeo-Piagetian TheoriesVygotskyan TheoryLanguage DevelopmentDevelopment Toward ExpertiseThe Timeline for ExpertiseBeyond ExpertiseEducating for ExpertiseLearning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 8: The Brain and CognitionMind and BrainBrain Anatomy and FunctionNeuron Anatomy and AdaptationBrain DevelopmentExercise and NutritionA Bridge Too FarLearning StrategiesConclusion SECTION III: HOW MINDS DIFFER CHAPTER 9: Assessment and Individual DifferencesReliabilityValidityHow Tests Influence LearningClassroom AssessmentStandardized TestingQuantitative ResearchEducation and Individual DifferencesAptitude-Treatment Interactions: ATIsDiversification of InstructionTime and LearningGroup DifferencesLearning StrategiesConclusion CHAPTER 10: IntelligenceWhat is Intelligence?Intelligence and AchievementOne Intelligence or Many?Hierarchical Theories of IntelligenceEmergent Theories of IntelligenceMeasuring IntelligenceCan Intelligence Change?Environmental Influences on IntelligenceLearning StrategiesConclusion

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780205507245
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 416
  • ID: 9780205507245
  • weight: 635
  • ISBN10: 0205507247

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