Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation presents US and European experiences and insights on the evaluation of policies and programs to foster research, innovation, and technology (RIT). In recent years, policymakers have promoted RIT policies to accelerate scientific and technological development in emerging fields, encourage new patterns of research collaboration and commercialization, and enhance national and regional economic competitiveness. At the same time, budgetary pressures and new public management approaches have strengthened demands for RIT performance measurement and evaluation.
The contributors - leading experts in science and technology policy and evaluation - analyze and contrast the need and demand for RIT performance measurement and evaluation within the US and European innovation and policy making systems. They assess current US and European RIT evaluation practices and methods in key areas, discuss applications of new evaluative approaches and consider strategies that could lead to improvements in RIT evaluation design and policies.
This up-to-date volume examining current and leading-edge evaluation methodologies will make a valuable addition to the libraries of research and innovation policymakers and analysts, educators and students of science and technology policy.
Edited by Philip Shapira, Professor, Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, UK, and Georgia Institute of Technology, US and Stefan Kuhlmann, Chair, Foundations of Science, Technology and Society, University of Twente, the Netherlands
Contents: 1. Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation 2. The Academic Policy Analyst as Reporter: The Who, What and How of Evaluating Science and Technology Programs 3. Societal Challenges for R&D Evaluation 4. Frameworks for Evaluating S&T Policy in the United States 5. Evaluation of Research and Innovation Policy in Europe - New Policies, New Frameworks? 6. The Expanding Role of Peer Review Processes in the United States 7. The Evaluation of University Research in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, Germany and Austria 8. Challenges for the Evaluation of Complex Research Programmes 9. Evaluation of the BRITE/EURAM Program 10. Assessing RTD Program Portfolios in the European Union 11. Factors Affecting Technology Transfer in Industry - US Federal Laboratory Partnerships 12. Benchmarking University-Industry Relationships: A User-Centered Evaluation Approach 13. Evaluation of Regional Innovation Policies in Europe 14. Evaluating Manufacturing Extension Services in the United States: Experiences and Insights 15. Evaluating the Impacts of Grants on Women Scientists' Careers: The Curriculum Vitae as a Tool for Research Assessment 16. Recognizing the Competing Values in Science and Technology Organizations: Implications for Evaluation 17. Real Options for Evaluating Public Sector R&D Investments 18. Evaluation as a Source of `Strategic Intelligence' Index