This title meets a great demand for training in spatial analysis tools accessible to a wide audience. Landscape ecology continues to grow as an exciting discipline with much to offer for solving pressing and emerging problems in environmental science. Much of the strength of landscape ecology lies in its ability to address challenges over large areas, over spatial and temporal scales at which decision-making often occurs. As the world tackles issues related to sustainability and global change, the need for this broad perspective has only increased. Furthermore, spatial data and spatial analysis (core methods in landscape ecology) are critical for analyzing land-cover changes world-wide. While spatial dynamics have long been fundamental to terrestrial conservation strategies, land management and reserve design, mapping and spatial themes are increasingly recognized as important for ecosystem management in aquatic, coastal and marine systems.
This second edition is purposefully more applied and international in its examples, approaches, perspectives and contributors. It includes new advances in quantifying landscape structure and connectivity (such as graph theory), as well as labs that incorporate the latest scientific understanding of ecosystem services, resilience, social-ecological landscapes, and even seascapes. Of course, as before, the exercises emphasize easy-to-use, widely available software.
Sarah E. Gergel Associate Professor of Landscape Ecology & Conservation Assistant Dean, Diversity & Inclusion Department of Forest & Conservation Sciences University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Canada Monica G. Turner Eugene P. Odum Professor of Ecology and Vilas Research Professor Department of Zoology University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI USA
TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Acknowledgements Advice for Instructors I. WHAT IS A LANDSCAPE? BASIC CONCEPTS AND TOOLS Chapter 1: Introduction to Remote Sensing Nicholas C. Coops and T. Rory Tooke Chapter 2: Historical Aerial Photography for Landscape Analysis Jessica L. Morgan, Sarah E. Gergel, Collin Ankerson, Stephanie A. Tomscha and Ira Sutherland Chapter 3: Citizen Science for Assessing Landscape Change Jeffrey A. Cardille and Michelle M. Jackson II. FUNDAMENTALS OF QUANTIFYING LANDSCAPE PATTERN Chapter 4: Understanding Landscape Metrics Jeffrey A. Cardille and Monica G. Turner Chapter 5: Scale Detection with Semivariograms and Autocorrelograms (with R option) Michael W. Palmer and Daniel J. McGlinn Chapter 6: Characterizing Categorical Map Patterns Using Neutral Landscape Models (with QRULE and R) Robert H. Gardner Chapter 7: What Constitutes a Significant Difference in Landscape Pattern? (using R) Tarmo K. Remmel and Marie-Josee Fortin III. LANDSCAPE CHANGE AND DISTURBANCE Chapter 8: Modeling Landscape Change with Markov Models (with R option) Dean L. Urban and David O. Wallin Chapter 9: Simulating Management Actions and Their Effect on Forest Landscape Pattern (with Harvest Lite) Eric J. Gustafson Chapter 10: Regional and Continental-scale Perspectives on Landscape Pattern Jeffrey A. Cardille and Monica G. Turner Chapter 11: Using Spatial Statistics and Landscape Metrics to Compare Disturbance Mosaics (with GS+) < Monica G. Turner and Martin Simard IV. APPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION AND ASSESSING CONNECTIVITY Chapter 12: Assessing Multi-scale Landscape Connectivity Using Network Analysis Todd R. Lookingbill and Emily S. Minor Chapter 13: Conservation Planning (with Marxan) Matthew Watts, Hugh P. Possingham, Carissa J. Klein, Tara G. Martin and Josie Carwardine Chapter 14: Advances in Quantifying Habitat Connectivity Using Graph Theory (with Conefor) Santiago Saura and Begona de la Fuente Chapter 15: Linking Landscapes and Metacommunities (using R) Joseph R. Bennett and Ben Gilbert V. ECOSYSTEM PROCESSES AND FEEDBACKS IN SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES Chapter 16: Modeling Spatial Dynamics of Ecosystem Processes and Services Sarah E. Gergel and Tara Reed Chapter 17: Heterogeneity in Ecosystem Services: Multi-scale Carbon Management in Tropical Forest Landscapes Kathryn R. Kirby, Jeanine M. Rhemtulla and Sarah E. Gergel Chapter 18: Regime Shifts and Spatial Resilience in a Coral Reef Seascape Jennifer C. Selgrath, Garry D. Peterson, Matilda Thyresson, Magnus Nystroem and Sarah E. Gergel Chapter 19: Understanding Land-Use Feedbacks and Ecosystem Service Tradeoffs in Agriculture Lisa A. Schulte and John C. Tyndall Chapter 20: Social Networks: Uncovering Social-ecological Mismatches in Heterogeneous Marine Landscapes OErjan Bodin and Beatrice I. Crona.