This book addresses the critical issue of how and why European universities are changing and learning to compete. Anglo-Saxon universities particularly in the US, the UK and Australia have long been subject to, and responded to, market-based competition in higher education. The authors argue that Continental and Nordic universities and higher education institutes are now facing similar pressures that are leading to a structural transformation of the university sector.
Four important themes are addressed, namely `Emergent Strategies', `Diversification and Specialization', `Rethinking University-Industry Relations' and `Reflections'. Contributors include Luke Georghiou writing about the merger between The Victoria University of Manchester and UMIST; Andrea Bonaccorsi writing about differentiation in higher education; and Maryann Feldman writing about American technology transfer. Thus, the book provides a timely and critical reflection on what happens, as European universities transform from government-funded social institutions to become knowledge businesses operating in a competitive regime.
This study will appeal to a broad audience of researchers, academics and policymakers with an interest in understanding the major transformations universities are currently undergoing. Regardless of whether one believes that increasing competition has positive or negative effects, the changes will undoubtedly affect both academics and students. These transformations will also influence the ability of nations to compete in the global knowledge society.
Edited by Maureen McKelvey, Professor of Industrial Management, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg and Magnus Holmen, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Halmstad University, Sweden
Contents: Preface 1. Introduction Maureen McKelvey and Magnus Holmen 2. Exploring University Alliances and Comparable Academic Cooperation Structures Enrico Deiaco, Ana M. Gren and Goeran Melin 3. Strategy to Join the Elite: Merger and the 2015 Agenda at the University of Manchester Luke Georghiou 4. Large-scale International Facilities within the Organization: MAX Lab within Lund University Olof Hallonsten and Mats Benner 5. Division of Academic Labour is Limited by the Size of the Market. Strategy and Differentiation of European Universities in Doctoral Education Andrea Bonaccorsi 6. Polarization of the Swedish University Sector: Structural Characteristics and Positioning Daniel Ljungberg, Mattias Johansson and Maureen McKelvey 7. The American Experience in University Technology Transfer Maryann P. Feldman and Shiri M. Breznitz 8. Academic Patenting in Europe: Evidence on France, Italy and Sweden from the KEINS Database Francesco Lissoni, Patrick Llerena, Maureen McKelvey and Bulat Sanditov 9. The Forgotten Individuals: Attitudes and Skills in Academic Commercialization in Sweden Mats Magnusson, Maureen McKelvey and Matteo Versiglioni 10. Elite European Universities and the R&D Subsidiaries of Multinational Enterprises Anders Brostroem, Maureen McKelvey and Christian Sandstroem 11. Running the Marathon William B. Cowan, Robin Cowan and Patrick Llerena 12. What Does it Mean Conceptually that Universities Compete? Enrico Deiaco, Magnus Holmen and Maureen McKelvey 13. From Social Institution to Knowledge Business Enrico Deiaco, Magnus Holmen and Maureen McKelvey Index