During a decade of relative prosperity from the mid-1990s onward, governments across the developed world failed to crack one major issue - youth unemployment. Even when economic growth was strong, one young person in 10 in the United Kingdom was neither working nor learning. As the boom ended, the number of young people dropping out after leaving school - already acknowledged to be too high - began to rise at an alarming rate. As governments face up to the prospect of a new generation on the dole, this book examines the root causes of the problem.
By holding a light to the lives and attitudes of eight young people, their families, their teachers and their potential employers, this book will challenge much of what has been said about educational success and failure in the past 20 years. For two decades, policy makers largely assumed schools were the key to ensuring young people got the best possible start in life. Yet for many children the path to failure began well before their first day at school.
Through the stories of these young people, this book reveals how marginalised young people are let down on every step of their journey. Growing up in areas where aspiration has died or barely ever existed, with parents who struggle to guide them on life in the 21st century, they are let down by schools where teachers underestimate them, by colleges and careers advisers who mislead them and by an employment market which has forgotten how to care or to nurture. Learning to Fail goes behind the headlines about anti-social behaviour, drugs and teenage pregnancy to paint a picture of real lives and how they are affected by outside forces. It gives a voice to ordinary parents and youngsters so they can speak for themselves about what Britain needs to do to turn its teenage failures into a success story.
Fran Abrams is an investigative journalist with 20 years' experience of observing and reporting on education in the United Kingdom. She works regularly for the UK broadsheet newspapers and for the BBC, and lives in Suffolk.
@contents: Selected Contents: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PREFACE The young people INTRODUCTION Yasmin The numbers game 1: THE IMPORTANCE OF PLACES How do places affect life chances? Barnsley The role of local networks Tom Cultures of exclusion Colllyhurst Ricky The East End Will 2: CHANGING CHANCES The old days The Dearne Clinging to the past Claire and her family 3: ASPIRATIONS Home and family What do parents expect? Ashley 4: POVERTY AND WEALTH Real or relative? 5: SCHOOL Teenagers and the rejection of school Underachievement Ricky's school 6: CHANGING FAMILIES Iain Duncan Smith Rachel Attachment and uncertainty Robbie 7: STREET LIFE Criminal careers? Antisocial behaviour? 8: MAKING CHOICES Connexions Wombwell High School Unrealistic choices Bridging the Gap - a missed opportunity? Elvige 9: FURTHER TROUBLE Information Gaps David Willetts Colleges - what are they for? Lord Young, Minister for Skills and Apprenticeships Apprentices Dropping Out Yasmin Lost opportunities 10: THE WORLD OF WORK The employers' view The call centre Workless Culture? Benefit dependency Will Solutions Rachel's job 11: RACE MATTERS Ray Lewis Poor White boys Broken Britain? Will 12: THE DIFFERENCE FOR GIRLS Motherhood and careers Rachel 13: REACHING OUT Long term problems, short term solutions Outreach in Barnsley 14. CONCLUSIONS Footnote - outcomes BIBLIOGRAPHY