Leaving Terrorism Behind: Individual and Collective Disengagement (Political Violence v. 10)
By: John Horgan (editor), Tore Bjorgo (editor)Paperback
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This new edited volume expands our understanding of the processes by which individuals and groups disengage from terrorism. While there has been a growing awareness of the need to understand and prevent processes of radicalization into terrorism, disengagement and deradicalization from terrorism have long been neglected areas in research on terrorism. This book uses empirical data to explore how and why individuals and groups disengage from terrorism, and what can be done to facilitate it. The work also presents a series of case studies of disengagement programmes, from Colombia, northern Europe, Italy, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia, comparing and assessing their various strengths and weaknesses. In light of the lessons learned from these cases, this book describes and explains the potential for new developments in counter-terrorism. This book will be of great interest to all students of terrorism studies, war and conflict studies, international security and politics in general, as well as professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.
Tore Bjorgo is Professor at the Norwegian Police University College and Senior Researcher at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. He has published extensively on terrorism, racist violence, youth gangs and crime prevention, and is author of Root Causes of Terrorism (2005). John Horgan is Director of the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at The Pennsylvania State University. He is one of the world's leading experts on terrorist psychology, and is author of over 50 publications in the field.
Foreword (TBC) 1. Introduction Tore Bjorgo and John Horgan Part 1: Processes 2. Individual disengagement: A psychological analysis John Horgan 3. Processes of disengagement from violent groups of the extreme right Tore Bjorgo 4. How terrorist campaigns end Audrey Kurth Cronin 5. Leaving left-wing terrorism in Italy: A sociological analysis Donatella della Porta 6. Leaving terrorism behind in Northern Ireland and the Basque Country: reassessing anti terrorist policies and the "peace processes" Rogelio Alonso 7. The renunciation of violence by Egyptian jihadi organisations Diaa Rashwan Part 2: Programmes 8. Exit from right-wing extremist groups: Lessons from disengagement programmes in Norway, Sweden and Germany Tore Bjorgo, Sara Grunenberg and Jaap van Donselaar 9. Disengagement and Beyond: A case study of demobilization in Colombia Marcella Ribetti 10. De-radicalisation and rehabilitation programmes targeting militant jihadists: An overview Richard Barrett and Laila Bokhari 11. Opening up the Jihadi debate: Yemen's Committee for Dialogue Christopher Boucek, Shazadi Beg, and John Horgan 12. The rehabilitation of Jemaah Islamiyah detainees in Southeast Asia: A preliminary assessment Zachary Abuza 13. Extremist reeducation and rehabilitation in Saudi Arabia Christopher Boucek 14. Pakistan: In search of a disengagement strategy Shazadi Beg and Laila Bokhari Part 3: Conclusions 15. Conclusions Tore Bjorgo and John Horgan
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