G. A. Cohen was one of the leading political philosophers of recent times. He first came to wide attention in 1978 with the prize-winning book Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence. In subsequent decades his published writings largely turned away from the history of philosophy, focusing instead on equality, freedom, and justice. However, throughout his career he regularly lectured on a wide range of moral and political philosophers of the past. This volume collects these previously unpublished lectures. Starting with a chapter centered on Plato, but also discussing the pre-Socratics as well as Aristotle, the book moves to social contract theory as discussed by Hobbes, Locke, and Hume, and then continues with chapters on Kant, Hegel, and Nietzsche. The book also contains some previously published but uncollected papers on Marx, Hobbes, and Kant, among other figures. The collection concludes with a memoir of Cohen written by the volume editor, Jonathan Wolff, who was a student of Cohen's. A hallmark of the lectures is Cohen's engagement with the thinkers he discusses.
Rather than simply trying to render their thought accessible to the modern reader, he tests whether their arguments and positions are clear, sound, and free from contradiction. Throughout, he homes in on central issues and provides fresh approaches to the philosophers he examines. Ultimately, these lectures teach us not only about some of the great thinkers in the history of moral and political philosophy, but also about one of the great thinkers of our time: Cohen himself.
G. A. Cohen (1941-2009) was the Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory at All Souls College, University of Oxford, from 1985 to 2008. At the time of his death, he held the Quain Chair in Jurisprudence at University College London. His books include Finding Oneself in the Other and On the Currency of Egalitarian Justice, and Other Essays in Political Philosophy (both Princeton). Jonathan Wolff is professor of philosophy and dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities at University College London.
Editor's Preface vii Acknowledgments xi Part One Lectures 1 Chapter 1 Plato and His Predecessors 3 Chapter 2 Hobbes 65 Chapter 3 Locke on Property and Political Obligation 103 Chapter 4 Hume's Critique of Locke on Contract 120 Chapter 5 Kant's Ethics 138 Chapter 6 Hegel: Minds, Masters, and Slaves 183 Chapter 7 Nietzsche 201 Part Two Papers 245 Chapter 8 Bourgeois and Proletarians 247 Chapter 9 T he Workers and the Word: Why Marx Had the Right to Think He Was Right 268 Chapter 10 R eply to Elster on "Marxism, Functionalism, and Game Theory" 284 Chapter 11 Review of Karl Marx, by Allen W. Wood 298 Chapter 12 Reason, Humanity, and the Moral Law 305 Part Three Memoir 325 Chapter 13 G. A. Cohen: A Memoir, Jonathan Wolff 327 Works Cited 345 Index 355