Relentless fiscal pressures faced by the public police over the last few decades have meant that police organisations have had to find new ways to obtain and harness the resources needed to achieve their goals. Through entering into relationships of coercion, commercial exchange, and gift with a wide variety of external institutions and individuals operating in both public and private capacities, police organisations have risen to this challenge. Indeed, police organisations are increasingly operating within a business paradigm. But what are the benefits of these relationships and the nature of the risks that might accompany reliance upon them? This book examines these new modes of exchange between police and 'outsiders' and explores how far these relationships can be taken before certain fundamental values - equity in the distribution of policing, cost-effectiveness in the delivery of police services, and the legitimacy of the police institution itself - are placed in jeopardy.
Julie Ayling is a Research Associate in the Regulatory Institutions Network at The Australian National University. She previously worked as a senior lawyer in a number of Australian government departments and authorities. Peter Grabosky is Professor at the Regulatory Institutions Network, The Australian National University, and Deputy Director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security. He is the 2006 winner of the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology. He is author most recently of Electronic Crime (2007) and Cyber Criminals on Trial (with Russell G. Smith and Gregor Urbas; Cambridge University Press, 2004), which won the Outstanding Book Award of the American Society of Criminology's Division of International Criminology. Clifford Shearing is Professor of Law at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. He has held positions at the University of Toronto, the Australian National University, and the University of the Western Cape. He is author most recently of Imagining Security (with Jennifer Wood; 2007) and Governing Security (with Les Johnston; 2003).
1. Introduction; 2. Obtaining and allocating police resources; 3. Coercion; 4. Sale - buying; 5. Sale - selling; 6. Gift; 7. Ambiguous exchanges and the police; 8. Conclusions.