Why have the neoliberal economic programs, aimed at transforming Eastern Europe to a market economy and democracy since 1989, not only experienced unanticipated difficulties, but more importantly failed to achieve their expected progress? Dr. Ladislav Rusmich and Dr. Stephen M. Sachs offer a comprehensive and critical study that examines this specific question and concludes that the cultural and institutional conditions created by communism must be overcome in order to critique previous policies and propose a better direction. Drawing on the experiences of Dr. Rusmich, who for many years was an important participant in the communist economic apparatus, and who is also among the leaders attempting to reform it during the Prague Spring of 1968, this work corrects common misconceptions among mainstream economists about the workings of communist economies. Lessons from the Failure of the Communist Economic System is a first-hand expert account that provides useful economic lessons, applicable to the first world, concerning such topics as the role of power in the economy, monopoly, bureaucracy, market culture and ethics to name a few.
Stephen M. Sachs is a professor in the Department of Political Science at Indiana University, Purdue University, Indianapolis. Ladislav Rusmich has served in numerous industrial, economic, and administrative position in Czechoslovakia, including Vice-Governor of the Czechoslovakia State Bank and economist at the Czech National Bank.
Part 1 A Costly Experience Chapter 2 What Was it that Failed and Why? Chapter 3 The Case of Czechoslovakia Chapter 4 Where it has Ended Up Concerning the Economy Part 5 The World Wide Lessons from the Failure Chapter 6 The Sources of Knowledge Chapter 7 The Behavior of Economic Subjects Chapter 8 The Market and Ownership Chapter 9 Economy and Power Chapter 10 Market Culture and Ethics Chapter 11 The Prospects for Development of the Economic System Part 12 The Economic Transformation of European Postcommunist Countries Chapter 13 The Legacy of Communism and the Beginning of Its Economic Transformation Chapter 14 The course and Problems of the Transformation Process Chapter 15 What to do?