The essays in this volume describe, analyse and compare the achievements and the failures of societies that adopted market-based economies within a democratic polity after a long period of communist rule (Russia and Eastern Europe) or military authoritarianism (Latin America). Together, they also trace the rocky course of liberal economic policies over the whole twentieth century.
Area experts from various disciplines seek to establish the extent to which the historical experience of the several countries explains successful transitions as well as the less successful efforts to adapt institutions to the needs of a market economy. The papers further show the dilemmas faced in both Eastern Europe and Latin America in reconciling the efficiency benefits of market economies and the need to achieve or maintain socially acceptable patterns of income distribution among the strata of income receivers. In addition to the essays themselves, comments are provided to further explore specific issues.
Researchers and students in economics, economic history, political science and regional studies, and others interested in the economics of transition to a market system will find this comprehensive collection an invaluable resource.
Edited by the late Werner Baer, formerly Lemann Professor of Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Joseph L. Love, Professor of History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US
Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Economic Performance and the State in Latin America 3. Rethinking Economic Performance in Central and Eastern Europe, 1870-1989 4. Economic Transition in Eastern Europe 5. How Much Does the Past Count? 6. Hungary's Post-communist Development in Comparative Perspective 7. Trajectories of East European Transformation 8. Neo-Liberalism Revisited in the Light of the Brazilian Crisis 9. The Russian Oligarchs 10. Privatizing the Commons 11. Privatizing and the Public Interest 12. The Neo-Liberal Experiment in Latin America 13. Institutions and Property Rights Across Time and Space Index