An authoritative introduction to bioethics, "Life Choices" examines a comprehensive range of ethical questions and brings together some of the most probing and instructive essays published in the field. Some of the articles are classics in the literature of bioethics, while others address current issues. Topics include moral decision making, abortion, euthanasia and assisted suicide, life-sustaining technologies, organ transplantation, reproductive technologies, and the allocation of health care resources. This second edition features new sections on the goals and allocation of medicine and on the cloning of human beings. It also includes new articles on genetics, the duty to die, and ethical theory. Written by the foremost authorities in bioethics, "Life Choices" provides a comprehensive introduction to the field. Instructors who have used the first edition as a text will welcome this new, updated edition. Scholars and health care practitioners will find it useful as a valuable reference on a wide range of bioethical issues.
Joseph H. Howell is director of instructional technology at Pensacola Junior College. William Frederick Sale is chair of the social science division and associate professor of philosophy at Gulf Coast Community College in Panama City, Florida.
Preface to the Second Edition Foreword Acknowledgments Part I: Introduction: Can Ethics Provide Answers?Can Ethics Provide Answers?James RachelsThe Role of Emotion in Ethical DecisionmakingSidney CallahanWhere Ethics Come From and What to Do About ItCarl ElliottPart II: The Goals and Allocation of MedicineThe Goals of Medicine: Setting New PrioritiesA Hastings Center Project ReportExecutive SummarySetting New PrioritiesSpecifying the Goals of Medicine Medicine and Public Health, Ethics and Human RightsJonathan M. MannLast Chance Therapies and Managed Care: Pluralism, Fair Procedures, and LegitimacyNorman Daniels and James E. SabinRescuing Lives: Can't We Count?Paul T. MenzelPublic Goods and Fair Prices: Balancing Technological Innovation with Social Well-BeingBaruch BrodyPart III: Biomedicine, Rights, and ResponsibilitiesThe Burden of DecisionAlexander Morgan CapronWhat About the Family?John HardwigThe Family in Medical DecisionmakingJeffrey BlusteinPart IV: Reproductive Freedom and ResponsibilityAbortion: The Right to an ArgumentGilbert MeilaenderIs There Life After Roe v. Wade?Mary B. MahowaldAbortion: Listening to the MiddleEdward A. LangerakPart V: Termination of TreatmentIs There a Duty to Die?John HardwigTerminating Treatment: Age as a StandardDaniel CallahanTriage in the ICURobert D. TruogIs Consent Useful When Resuscitation Isn't?Giles R. ScofieldIn Death's Shadow: The Meanings of Withholding Resuscitation Must Patients Always Be Given Food and Water?Joanne Lynn and James F. ChildressStandards of Judgment for TreatmentEdited by Arthur Caplan and Cynthia B. CohenDeciding Not to Employ Agressive MeasuresEdited by Arthur Caplan and Cynthia B. CohenAnencephalic Donors: Separating the Dead from the DyingAlexander Morgan CapronAssisted Suicide: Pro-Choice or Anti-Life?Richard DoerflingerVoluntary Active EuthanasiaDan W. BrockWhen Self-Determination Runs AmokDaniel CallahanPart VI: Family, Parenthood, and New Reproductive TechnologiesArtificial Means of Reproduction and Our Understanding of the FamilyRuth MacklinReproductive Gifts and Gift Giving: The Altruistic WomanJanice G. RaymondGenetic Diagnosis of Human EmbryosAndrea BonnicksenNot All That Glitters is GoldBarbara Katz RothmanResolving Disputes over Frozen EmbryosJohn A. RobertsonThe Case Against Thawing Unused Frozen EmbryosDavid T. OzarPart VII: Organ and Tissue Donation and Procurement and TransplantationMy Body, My PropertyLori B. AndrewsAn Alternative to Property Rights in Human TissueMargaret S. Swain and Randy W. MarusykOrgan Procurement: It's Not in the CardsArthur C. CaplanDesignated Organ Donation: Private Choice in Social ContextEike-Henner W. KlugePart VIII: Genetics, Human Nature, Human DestinyFirst Fruits: Genetic ScreeingKathleen NolanGenetic Secrets: Social Issues of Medical Screening in a Genetic AgeElaine DraperBad Axioms in Genetic EngineeringC. Keith BooneGenetics and Human MalleabilityW. French AndersonTaking Behavioral Genetics SeriouslyErik ParensPart IX: Cloning Human Beings: Responding to the National Bioethics Advisory Commission's ReportExecutive Summary The Challenge of Public Ethics: Reflections on NABC's ReportJames F. ChildressBan Cloning? Why NABC is WrongSusan M. WolfContributorsArticles from the Hastings Center Report