Life in a Business Oriented Society: A Sociological Perspective
By: Richard J. Caston (author)Paperback
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Life in a Business-Oriented Society: A Sociological Perspective is the first sociology text to analyze business-society relations. The book ties together the numerous sociological concepts such as socialization, power relations, deviance, and social institutions through an examination of how businesses influence all aspects of society. Every chapter emphasizes four central themes of business-society relations: an historical perspective, reader experiences, morality, and practical recommendations. The text highlights social responsibilities of businesses concerning issues such as employee rights, and consumer and environmental protection. Divided into three parts, the text outlines the sociological definition of business, the history of business-society relations, and practical solutions to business-society problems.
Preface. I.A FRAMEWORK FOR CONCEPTUALIZING BUSINESSES, THEIR SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTS, AND THEIR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES. 1.Businesses As Social Phenomena. Why Read This Book? Sociology and Social Reality. A Definition of Business. 2.The Social Environment of Businesses. The Social Environment of Businesses. Three Models of the Social Environment of Businesses. An Exercise in Sociological Imagination: The Cult of the Business-Oriented Society. 3.Do Businesses Have Social Responsibilities? The Nature of Social Responsibility. Should Businesses Have Social Responsibilities? Restrictions on the Social Responsibilities of Businesses. Brief History of the Social Mechanisms Fostering the Social Responsibility of Business. II.BUSINESSES AND THEIR SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTS IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. 4.Life in Prebusiness-Oriented Societies. Businesses in Prebusiness-Oriented Societies. Are Businesses Evil?-A Moral Review of Prebusiness-Oriented Societies. 5.The Rise of Business-Oriented Societies. The Merchant, Mercantile and Colonial Economic Era. The Social Forces of Industrialization. The Spirit of the Entrepreneur. Individualism and Personal Freedom. Markets. Is Life Better in a Business-Oriented Industrial Society? 6.The United States in the Twentieth Century. Characteristics of the U.S. Business Sector Today in the United States. The End of Laissez-Faire. The Rise of the Government-Aided Economy. The Planned and Unplanned Industrial Economies. Inequality and Public Welfare in U.S. Society. III.THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT OF CONTEMPORARY BUSINESSES: SELECTED TOPICS IN BUSINESS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES. 7.Government and Businesses. Ideological Confession. Governmental Regulation of Businesses. Business Political Action Committees. Conclusion. 8.Improving the Moral Performance of Businesses. A Sociological Account for Corruption in Businesses. Improving the Moral Performance of Businesses. How to Know What Is Right? 9.Employee Rights and Welfare. Are Wage-Laborers Prostitutes? Employees as Micro-Businesses. Ideology and the Rights to Return on Our Labor. Contemporary Employee Rights and Welfare. The Rise and Fall of Unions. Health and Safety in the Workplace. Humanizing the Workplace. 10.Employee Equal Employment Opportunities. Is the United States a Meritocratic Land of Opportunity? The Dynamics of Racism and Sexism. Affirmative Action in Businesses. Conclusion. 11.Consumers. Consumer as Lifestyle and Identity: "Here a Consumer, There a Consumer, Everywhere a ... " Consumer Problems. Consumer Response. Conclusion. 12.Businesses and Our Environment. Pollution and Environment Destruction. Resource Depletion. What Can Business, Government, and Science Do? 13.Businesses in International Perspective. International Exploitation and Business-Oriented Society. The Multinational Corporation. Problems Posed by Multinational Corporations. Trade Protectionism. The Politics of Free Trade, GATT, and NAFTA. Transforming the World's Cultures to Suit Business-Oriented Needs. 14.The Future of Business-Oriented Societies. Life in a Business-Oriented Society and the Social Responsibilities of Businesses. The Future of Business-Oriented Societies. Assorted Issues in Our Business-Oriented Society. An Upbeat Ending. Notes. Index.
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