Lifestyle Modification to Control Heart Disease: Evidence and Policy is a review and critical examination of the scientific literature on cardiovascular lifestyle modification. This book provides systematic critiques of prior published research in order to clarify some of the debate around addressing coronary heart disease through lifestyle modification. It fills gaps in current published systematic reviews, particularly with respect to the cost-effectiveness of lifestyle modification; gender, racial and ethnic disparities in treatment of coronary heart disease; and multifactorial programs. It also explores existing research on disparities in coronary artery disease treatment and utilization and suggests potential solutions to address barriers at the system, provider and patient level. By summarizing research findings in a reader-friendly format, it assists health care practitioners in working with patients more effectively, improves students' background knowledge to enhance preparation for clinical work, and sets a context for future researchers who want to continue to address key questions this area.