Currently, linguistic minority students� - students who speak a language other than English at home - represent 21% of the entire K-12 student population and 11% of the college student population. Bringing together emerging scholarship on the growing number of college-bound linguistic minority students in the K-12 pipeline, this ground-breaking volume showcases new research on these students' preparation for, access to, and persistence in college.
Other than studies of their linguistic challenges and writing and academic literacy skills in college, little is known about the broader issues of linguistic minority students' access to and success in college. Examining a variety of factors and circumstances that influence the process and outcome, the scope of this book goes beyond students' language proficiency and its impact on college education, to look at issues such as student race/ethnicity, gender, SES, and parental education and expectations. It also addresses structural factors in schooling including tracking, segregation of English learners from English-fluent peers, availability and support of institutional personnel, and collegiate student identity and campus climate.
Presenting state-of-the-art knowledge and mapping out a future research agenda in an extremely important and yet understudied area of inquiry, this book advances knowledge in ways that will have a real impact on policy regarding linguistic minority immigrant students' higher education opportunities.
Yasuko Kanno is Associate Professor of TESOL in the College of Education, Temple University. Linda Harklau is Professor of the Teaching Additional Languages program and the Linguistics program at the University of Georgia.
Preface 1. Linguistic Minority Immigrants Go to College: Introduction Yasuko Kanno and Linda Harklau I. College Preparation In High School 2. High School ESL Placement: Practice, Policy, and Effects on Achievement Rebecca M. Callahan and Dara R. Shifrer 3. Linguistic Minority Students' Opportunities to Learn High School Mathematics Eduardo Mosqueda 4. Paving the way to college: An analysis of an International Baccalaureate Diploma Program serving immigrant students in California Anysia P. Mayer 5. How Paola Made It to College: A Linguistic Minority Student's Unlikely Success Story Linda Harklau and Shelly McClanahan II. Access To College 6. Top 10% Linguistically Diverse Students' Access and Success at Texas Public Universities Cristobal Rodriguez 7. Who are Linguistic Minority Students in Higher Education?: An Analysis of the Beginning Postsecondary Students Study 2004Anne-Marie Nunez and P. Johnelle Sparks 8. Immigrant English Learners' Transitions to University: Student Challenges and Institutional Policies Yasuko Kanno and Sarah Arva Grosik 9. A Linguistic Minority Student's Discursive Framing of Agency and Structure Manka M. Varghese III. College Experiences And Persistence 10. Navigating "Open Access" Community Colleges: Matriculation Policies and Practices for U.S.-Educated Language Minority Students George C. Bunch and Ann K. Endris 11. Retention of English Learner Students at a Community College Cate Almon 12. Contextualizing the Path to Academic Success: Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students Gaining Voice and Agency in Higher Education Melissa Holmes, Cristina Fanning, Amanda Morales, Pedro Espinoza, and Socorro Herrera 13. Benefits and Costs of Exercising Agency: A Case Study of an English Learner Navigating a Four-Year University Ronald Fuentes 14. Citizens vs. Aliens: How Institutional Policies Construct Linguistic Minority Students Shawna Shapiro About the Contributors