Where should the United States focus its long-term efforts to improve the nation's environment? What are the nation's most important environmental issues? What role should science and technology play in addressing these issues? Linking Science and Technology to Society's Environmental Goals provides the current thinking and answers to these questions. Based on input from a range of experts and interested individuals, including representatives of industry, government, academia, environmental organizations, and Native American communities, this book urges policymakers to * Use social science and risk assessment to guide decisionmaking. * Monitor environmental changes in a more thorough, consistent, and coordinated manner. * Reduce the adverse impact of chemicals on the environment. * Move away from the use of fossil fuels. * Adopt an environmental approach to engineering that reduces the use of natural resources. * Substantially increase our understanding of the relationship between population and consumption. This book will be of special interest to policymakers in government and industry; environmental scientists, engineers, and advocates; and faculty, students, and researchers.
National Research Council
1 Front Matter; 2 Part I: Committee Report; 3 Summary; 4 Society's Environmental Goals; 5 Use Social Science and Risk Assessment to Make Better Societal Choices; 6 Focus on Monitoring to Build Better Understanding of Our Ecological Systems; 7 Reduce the Adverse Impacts of Chemicals in the Environment; 8 Develop Environmental Options for the Energy System; 9 Use a Systems Engineering and Ecological Approach to Reduce Resource Use; 10 Improve Understanding of the Relationship Between Population and Consumption as a Means to Reducing the Environmental Impacts of Population Growth; 11 Set Environmental Goals Via Rates and Directions of Change; 12 Bibliography; 13 Part II: Commissioned Papers; 14 National Environmental Goals: Implementing the Laws, Visions of the Future, and Research; 15 Measurement of Environmental Quality in the United States; 16 Attitudes Toward the Environment Twenty-Five Years After Earth Day; 17 Environmental Goals and Science Policy: A Review of Selected Countries; 18 Can States Make a Market for Environmental Goals?; 19 Setting Environmental Goals: The View from Industry. A Review of Practices from the 1960s; 20 Status of Ecological Knowledge Related to Policy Decision-Making Needs in the Area of; 21 The Federal Budget and Environmental Priorities; 22 Part III: Keynote Addresses and Presentations; 23 D. James Baker, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; 24 Thomas Grumbly, U.S. Department of Energy; 25 Barry Gold, U.S. Department of the Interior; 26 Harlan Watson, House Committee on Science; 27 David Garman, Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; 28 John Wise and Peter Truitt, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; 29 Judith Espinosa and Peggy Duxbury, President's Council on; 30 Gilbert S. Omenn, University of Washington; 31 Part IV: Appendixes; 32 A Committee Member and Staff Biographical Information; 33 B Forum Agenda; 34 C Forum Participants; 35 D Summary of Responses to Call for Comments; 36 E Respondents to Call for Comments; 37 F Summary of Breakout-Group Discussions; 38 G Detecting Changes in Time and Space; 39 H Contents and Executive Summary of a Report of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government; 40 Index
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- ID: 9780309055789
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