Clarence Mitchell, Jr. is unique in the pantheon of civil rights history. Born in Baltimore on March 18, 1911, he led the struggle in Washington for passage of the civil rights laws and promulgation of constructive national policies to protect the constitutional rights of African Americans and all other citizens suffering discrimination because of race, national origin, religion, sex, age, or sexual orientation. Lion in the Lobby chronicles Mitchell's life story and mission of getting the Congress to join the courts and the Executive Branch in upholding the Constitution in order to fulfill the NAACP's egalitarian philosophy. He worked with seven presidents, from Harry Truman to Jimmy Carter, to build a legacy of advocacy that won him the popular moniker of 101st senator and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1978. This revised edition is strengthened by a detailed account of the bitter battle within the NAACP over Mitchell's retirement. It also offers a fuller picture of Mitchell's differences with the philosophy of nonviolence.
Denton L. Watson is Associate Professor of American Studies, SUNY College at Old Westbury. He served as the Director of Public Relations, NAACP, from 1982-1985.
Chapter 1 Foreword by Clarence Mitchell, Jr. Chapter 2 Acknowledgments Chapter 3 Introduction Chapter 4 Journey Toward the Promised Land: Chapter 5 Trauma of a Lynching Chapter 6 Covering the Scottsboro Trials Chapter 7 A Star is a Small Reward Chapter 8 Neither North nor South Chapter 9 A Man is Molded Chapter 10 Launching a Career Chapter 11 The FEPC Grail Chapter 12 NAACP Labor Secretary Chapter 13 Taking Command Chapter 14 All-Out Attack on Segregation Chapter 15 Confronting the Agony Chapter 16 Shifting Strategy Chapter 17 At the Crossroads Chapter 18 Breakthrough Chapter 19 The Undaunted Optimist Chapter 20 Fulfilling a Dream: Chapter 21 Challenge of the New Frontier Chapter 22 Honing Political Support Chapter 23 Guiding the Forces Through the Turbulence Chapter 24 The 1964 Act: A Dream Realized Chapter 25 101st Senator Chapter 26 "Our Quarterback" Chapter 27 Confronting the Politics of Reaction Chapter 28 Epilogue Chapter 29 Appendix I: Civil Rights Bills: Parliamentary Procedures Chapter 30 Appendix II: Differences Between Voting Proposals and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Chapter 31 Appendix III: What's in the Civil Rights Act? Chapter 32 Notes Chapter 33 Bibliography Chapter 34 Principal Cases Cited Chapter 35 Index