Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing (13th Revised edition)

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing (13th Revised edition)

By: X. J. Kennedy (author), Dana Gioia (author)Hardback

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NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyLiteratureLab(R) does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyLiteratureLab, search for: 0134047699 / 9780134047690 The Literature Collection Plus MyLiteratureLab - Access Card Package Package consists of: *0133931269 / 9780133931266 MyLiteratureLab without Pearson eText - Access Card*0321971663 / 9780321971661 Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and WritingMyLiteratureLab is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor. For introductory courses in Literature. Cultivate a Love of Literature...X.J. Kennedy & Dana Gioia developed Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Thirteenth Edition with two major goals in mind: to introduce college students to the appreciation and experience of literature in its major forms and to develop the student's ability to think critically and communicate effectively through writing. The book is built on the assumption that great literature can enrich and enlarge the lives it touches. Both editors, literary writers themselves, believe that textbooks should be not only informative and accurate but also lively, accessible, and engaging. Also Available with MyLiteratureLab(R) This title is also available with MyLiteratureLab - an online resource that works with our literature anthologies to provide engaging experiences to instructors and students. Students can access new content that fosters an understanding of literary elements, which provides a foundation for stimulating class discussions. This simple and powerful tool offers state-of-the-art audio and video resources along with practical tools and flexible assessment. The Literature Collection eText within MyLiteratureLab includes more than 700 selections and valuable multimedia resources-including professional performances, biographies of key authors, contextual videos, and interactive student papers-that bring literature to life.

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About Author

X. J. Kennedy, after graduation from Seton Hall and Columbia, became a journalist second class in the Navy ("Actually, I was pretty eighth class"). His poems, some published in the New Yorker, were first collected in Nude Descending a Staircase (1961). Since then he has written six more collections, several widely adopted literature and writing textbooks, and seventeen books for children, including two novels. He has taught at Michigan, North Carolina (Greensboro), California (Irvine), Wellesley, Tufts, and Leeds. Cited in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations and reprinted in some 200 anthologies, his verse has brought him a Guggenheim fellowship, a Lamont Award, a Los Angeles Times Book Prize, an award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, an Aiken-Taylor prize, the Robert Frost Medal of the Poetry Society of America, and the Award for Poetry for Children from the National Council of Teachers of English. He now lives in Lexington, Massachusetts, where he and his wife Dorothy have collaborated on four books and five children. Dana Gioia is a poet, critic, and teacher. He was appointed as California Poet Laureate for a two-year term. Born in Los Angeles of Italian and Mexican ancestry, he attended Stanford and Harvard before taking a detour into business. After years of writing and reading late in the evenings after work, he quit a corporate vice presidency to write. He has published four collections of poetry, Daily Horoscope (1986), The Gods of Winter (1991), Interrogations at Noon (2001), which won the American Book Award, and Pity the Beautiful (2012); and three critical volumes, including Can Poetry Matter? (1992), an influential study of poetry's place in contemporary America. Gioia has taught at Johns Hopkins, Sarah Lawrence, Wesleyan (Connecticut), Mercer, and Colorado College. From 2003-2009 he served as the Chairman of the National Endowments for the Arts. At the NEA he created the largest literary programs in federal history, including Shakespeare in American Communities and Poetry Out Loud, the national high school poetry recitation contest. He also led the campaign to restore active literary reading by creating The Big Read, which helped reverse a quarter century of decline in U.S. reading. He is currently the Judge Widney Professor of Poetry and Public Culture at the University of Southern California.

Contents

Preface To the Instructor About the Authors Fiction Talking with Amy Tan 1. READING A STORY THE ART OF FICTION TYPES OF SHORT FICTION Sufi Legend, Death Has an Appointment in Samarra Aesop, The North Wind and the Sun Bidpai, The Tortoise and the Geese Chuang Tzu, Independence Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Godfather Death PLOT THE SHORT STORY John Updike, A & P WRITING EFFECTIVELY Wilhelm Grimm on Writing, On the Nature of Fairy Tales THINKING ABOUT PLOT CHECKLIST: Writing About Plot TOPICS FOR WRITING on plot TERMS FOR REVIEW 2. POINT OF VIEW IDENTIFYING POINT OF VIEW TYPES OF NARRATORS how much does a narrator know? STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily Edgar Allan Poe, The Tell-Tale Heart Eudora Welty, Why I Live at the P.O. James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues WRITING EFFECTIVELY James Baldwin on Writing, Race and the African American Writer THINKING ABOUT POINT OF VIEW CHECKLIST: Writing About Point of View topics for writing ON POINT OF VIEW TERMS FOR REVIEW 3. CHARACTER CHARACTERIZATION MOTIVATION Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Neil Gaiman, How to Talk to Girls at Parties Raymond Carver, Cathedral WRITING EFFECTIVELY Raymond Carver on Writing, Commonplace but Precise Language THINKING ABOUT CHARACTER CHECKLIST: Writing About Character TOPICS FOR REVIEW ON CHARACTER TERMS FOR REVIEW 4. SETTING ELEMENTS OF SETTING HISTORICAL FICTION REGIONALISM NATURALISM Kate Chopin, The Storm Jack London, To Build a Fire ZZ Packer, Brownies Amy Tan, A Pair of Tickets WRITING EFFECTIVELY Amy Tan on Writing, Developing a Setting THINKING ABOUT SETTING CHECKLIST: Writing About Setting TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SETTING TERMS FOR REVIEW 5. TONE AND STYLE TONE STYLE DICTION Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place William Faulkner, Barn Burning IRONY O. Henry, The Gift of the Magi Alice Munro, How I Met My Husband WRITING EFFECTIVELY Ernest Hemingway on Writing, The Direct Style THINKING ABOUT TONE AND STYLE CHECKLIST: Writing About Tone and Style TOPICS FOR WRITING ON TONE AND STYLE TERMS FOR REVIEW 6. THEME PLOT VERSUS THEME SUMMARIZING THE THEME FINDING THE THEME Stephen Crane, The Open Boat Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son Kurt Vonnegut Jr., Harrison Bergeron WRITING EFFECTIVELY Kurt Vonnegut Jr. on Writing, The Themes of Science Fiction THINKING ABOUT THEME CHECKLIST: Writing About Theme TOPICS FOR WRITING ON THEME TERMS FOR REVIEW 7. SYMBOL ALLEGORY SYMBOLS RECOGNIZING SYMBOLS John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums Tobias Wolff, Bullet in the Brain Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas Shirley Jackson, The Lottery WRITING EFFECTIVELY Shirley Jackson on Writing, Biography of a Story THINKING ABOUT SYMBOLS CHECKLIST: Writing About Symbols Sample Student Paper on Symbols, An Analysis of the Symbolism in Steinbeck's "The Chrysanthemums" TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SYMBOLS TERMS FOR REVIEW 8. READING LONG STORIES AND NOVELS ORIGINS OF THE NOVEL NOVELISTIC METHODS READING NOVELS Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilych Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis WRITING EFFECTIVELY Franz Kafka on Writing, Discussing The Metamorphosis THINKING ABOUT LONG STORIES AND NOVELS CHECKLIST: Writing About Long Stories and Novels TOPICS FOR WRITING on long stories and novels TERMS FOR REVIEW 9 GENRE FICTION ROMANCE VERSUS REALISM WHAT IS GENRE? TYPES OF GENRE FICTION GENRE AND POPULAR CULTURE Ray Bradbury,A Sound of Thunder Ursula K. Le Guin, The Wife's Story H. P. Lovecraft, The Outsider Dashiell Hammett, One Hour WRITING EFFECTIVELY Ray Bradbury on Writing, Fall in Love at the Library TOPICS FOR WRITING TERMS FOR REVIEW 10. LATIN AMERICAN FICTION "EL BOOM" MAGIC REALISM AFTER THE BOOM Jorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to Mark Gabriel Garcia Marquez, A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings Juan Rulfo, Tell Them Not to Kill Me! Ines Arredondo, The Shunammite Writing effectively Jorge Luis Borges on Writing, On Storytelling TOPICS FOR WRITING TERMS FOR REVIEW 11 CRITICAL CASEBOOK Flannery O'Connor FLANNERY O'CONNOR A Good Man Is Hard to Find Revelation Parker's Back FLANNERY O'CONNOR ON WRITING Insights into "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" On Her Catholic Faith CRITICS ON FLANNERY O'CONNOR J. O. Tate, A Good Source Is Not So Hard to Find: The Real Life Misfit Louise S. Cowan, The Character of Mrs. Turpin in "Revelation" Damian J. Ference, from "No Vague Believer" Dean Flower, Listening to Flannery O'Connor Lucinda Williams, Meeting Flannery O'Connor WRITING EFFECTIVELY TOPICS FOR WRITING 12 CRITICAL CASEBOOK Three Stories in Depth NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE Young Goodman Brown NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE ON WRITING Reflections on Truth and Clarity in Literature The Obscurest Man in American Letters CRITICS ON HAWTHORNE Herman Melville, Excerpt from a Review of Mosses from an Old Manse Edgar Allan Poe, The Genius of Hawthorne's Short Stories CRITICS ON "YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN" 000 Richard H. Fogle, Ambiguity in "Young Goodman Brown" Paul J. Hurley, Evil Wherever He Looks Nancy Bunge, Complacency and Community Charlotte Perkins Gilman The Yellow Wallpaper CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN ON WRITING Why I Wrote "The Yellow Wallpaper" Whatever Is The Nervous Breakdown of Women CRITICS ON "THE YELLOW WALLPAPER" Juliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in "The Yellow Wallpaper" Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, Imprisonment and Escape: The Psychology of Confinement ALICE WALKER Everyday Use ALICE WALKER ON WRITING Reflections on Writing and Women's Lives CRITICS ON "EVERYDAY USE" Barbara T. Christian, "Everyday Use" and the Black Power Movement Mary Helen Washington, "Everyday Use" as a Portrait of the Artist Houston A. Baker and Charlotte Pierce-Baker, Stylish vs. Sacred in "Everyday Use" WRITING EFFECTIVELY TOPICS FOR WRITING 13 STORIES FOR FURTHER READING Chinua Achebe, Dead Men's Path Sherman Alexie, This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona Isabel Allende, The Judge's Wife Margaret Atwood, Happy Endings Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge T. Coraghessan Boyle, Greasy Lake Willa Cather, Paul's Case Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat Ha Jin, Saboteur James Joyce, Araby Jamaica Kincaid, Girl Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill Guy de Maupassant, The Necklace Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried Daniel Orozco, Orientation David Foster Wallace, Everything Is Green Virginia Woolf, A Haunted House Poetry Talking with Kay Ryan 14 READING A POEM POETRY OR VERSE HOW TO READ A POEM Paraphrase William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree Lyric Poetry Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's Tigers Narrative Poetry Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spence Robert Frost, "Out, Out-" DRAMATIC POETRY Robert Browning, My Last Duchess DIDACTIC POETRY WRITING EFFECTIVELY Adrienne Rich on Writing, Recalling "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers" THINKING ABOUT PARAPHRASING William Stafford, Ask Me William Stafford, A Paraphrase of "Ask Me" CHECKLIST: Writing a Paraphrase TOPICS FOR WRITING ON PARAPHRASING TERMS FOR REVIEW 15 LISTENING TO A VOICE TONE Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz Stephen Crane, The Wayfarer Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book Walt Whitman, To a Locomotive in Winter Emily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles Gwendolyn Brooks, Speech to the Young. Speech to the Progress-Toward Weldon Kees, For My Daughter THE SPEAKER IN THE POEM Natasha Trethewey, White Lies Edwin Arlington Robinson, Luke Havergal Anonymous, Dog Haiku William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud Dorothy Wordsworth, Journal Entry Charlotte Mew, The Farmer's Bride William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow IRONY Robert Creeley, Oh No W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen Sharon Olds, Rite of Passage Sarah N. Cleghorn, The Golf Links Edna St. Vincent Millay, Second Fig Thomas Hardy, The Workbox FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est WRITING EFFECTIVELY Wilfred Owen on Writing, War Poetry THINKING ABOUT TONE CHECKLIST: Writing About Tone TOPICS FOR WRITING ON TONE Sample Student Paper, Word Choice, Tone, and Point of View in Roethke's "My Papa's Waltz" TERMS FOR REVIEW 16 WORDS LITERAL MEANING: WHAT A POEM SAYS FIRST William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say DICTION John Masefield, Cargoes Robert Graves, Down, Wanton, Down! John Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You THE VALUE OF A DICTIONARY Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Aftermath J. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead Samuel Menashe, Bread Carl Sandburg, Grass WORD CHOICE AND WORD ORDER Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Clothes Kay Ryan, Blandeur Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY E. E. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town Billy Collins, The Names Anonymous, Carnation Milk Gina Valdes, English con Salsa William Wordsworth, My Heart Leaps Up When I Behold William Wordsworth, Mutability Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky WRITING EFFECTIVELY Lewis Carroll, Humpty Dumpty Explicates "Jabberwocky" THINKING ABOUT DICTION CHECKLIST: Writing About Diction TOPICS FOR WRITING ON WORD CHOICE TERMS FOR REVIEW 17 SAYING AND SUGGESTING DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION William Blake, London Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock E. E. Cummings, next to of course god america i Maria Hummel, The Tree Timothy Steele, Epitaph Diane Thiel, The Minefield H. D., Sea Rose Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle Tears Anne-Marie Thompson, Audiation Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World WRITING EFFECTIVELY Richard Wilbur on Writing, Concerning "Love Calls Us to the Things of This World" THINKING ABOUT DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION CHECKLIST: Writing About What a Poem Says and Suggests TOPICS FOR WRITING ON DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION TERMS FOR REVIEW 18 IMAGERY Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro Taniguchi Buson, The piercing chill I feel IMAGERY T. S. Eliot, The winter evening settles down Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish Emily Dickinson, A Route of Evanescence Jean Toomer, Reapers Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty ABOUT HAIKU Arakida Moritake, The falling flower Matsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streak Matsuo Basho, In the old stone pool Taniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bell Taniguchi Buson, Moonrise on mudflats Kobayashi Issa, only one guy Kobayashi Issa, Cricket HAIKU FROM JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMPS Suiko Matsushita, Rain shower from mountain Suiko Matsushita, Cosmos in bloom Hakuro Wada, Even the croaking of frogs Neiji Ozawa, The war-this year CONTEMPORARY HAIKU Nick Virgilio, The Old Neighborhood Lee Gurga, Visitor's Room Penny Harter, broken bowl Jennifer Brutschy, Born Again Adelle Foley, Learning to Shave Garry Gay, Hole in the ozone FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY John Keats, Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou art Walt Whitman, The Runner H. D., Heat William Carlos Williams, El Hombre Billy Collins, Embrace Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter Chana Bloch, Tired Sex Gary Snyder, Mid-August at Sourdough Mountain Lookout Kevin Prufer, Pause, Pause Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning WRITING EFFECTIVELY Ezra Pound on Writing, The Image THINKING ABOUT IMAGERY CHECKLIST: Writing About Imagery TOPICS FOR WRITING ON IMAGERY Sample Student Paper, Faded Beauty: Elizabeth Bishop's Use of Imagery in "The Fish" TERMS FOR REVIEW 19 FIGURES OF SPEECH WHY SPEAK FIGURATIVELY? Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle William Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? METAPHOR AND SIMILE Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied Wall William Blake, To see a world in a grain of sand Sylvia Plath, Metaphors N. Scott Momaday, Simile Emily Dickinson, It dropped so low - in my Regard Jill Alexander Essbaum, The Heart Craig Raine, A Martian Sends a Postcard Home OTHER FIGURES OF SPEECH James Stephens, The Wind Robinson Jeffers, Hands Margaret Atwood, You fit into me George Herbert, The Pulley Dana Gioia, Money Carl Sandburg, Fog FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY Jane Kenyon, The Suitor Robert Frost, The Secret Sits Kay Ryan, Turtle Emily Bronte, Love and Friendship WRITING EFFECTIVELY Robert Frost on Writing, The Importance of Poetic Metaphor THINKING ABOUT METAPHORS CHECKLIST: Writing About Metaphors TOPICS FOR WRITING ON FIGURES OF SPEECH TERMS FOR REVIEW 20 SONG SINGING AND SAYING Ben Jonson, To Celia James Weldon Johnson, Sence You Went Away William Shakespeare, Fear no more the heat o' the sun Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory Paul Simon, Richard Cory BALLADS Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham BLUES Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams, Jailhouse Blues W. H. Auden, Funeral Blues RAP FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY Neko Case, This Tornado Loves You Bob Dylan, The Times They Are a-Changin' WRITING EFFECTIVELY Bob Dylan on Writing, Rhythm, Rime, and Songwriting from the Outside THINKING ABOUT POETRY AND SONG CHECKLIST: Writing About Song Lyrics TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SONG LYRICS TERMS FOR REVIEW 21 SOUND SOUND AS MEANING Alexander Pope, True Ease in Writing comes from Art, not Chance William Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus? Edgar Allan Poe, from Ulalume William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal Aphra Behn, When maidens are young ALLITERATION AND ASSONANCE Frances Cornford, The Watch James Joyce, All day I hear Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The splendor falls on castle walls RIME William Cole, On my boat on Lake Cayuga Hilaire Belloc, The Hippopotamus Bob Kaufman, No More Jazz at Alcatraz William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur How to read a POEM ALOUD Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John Coltrane William Shakespeare, When Daisies Pied and Violets Blue T. S. Eliot, Virginia WRITING EFFECTIVELY T. S. Eliot on Writing, The Music of Poetry THINKING ABOUT A POEM'S SOUND CHECKLIST: Writing About a Poem's Sound TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SOUND TERMS FOR REVIEW 22 RHYTHM STRESSES AND PAUSES STRESS AND MEANING LINE ENDINGS Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break George Gordon, Lord Byron, So We'll Go No More a-Roving Dorothy Parker, Resume METER Edna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out Rhyme Edith Sitwell, Mariner Man A. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty William Carlos Williams, Smell! Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums! WRITING EFFECTIVELY Gwendolyn Brooks on Writing, Hearing "We Real Cool" THINKING ABOUT RHYTHM CHECKLIST: Scanning a Poem TOPICS FOR WRITING ON RHYTHM TERMS FOR REVIEW 23 CLOSED FORM THE VALUE OF FORM FORMAL PATTERNS Ernest Dowson, "Days of Wine and Roses" John Donne, Song ("Go and catch a falling star") Thomas M. Disch, Zewhyexary THE SONNET William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds Michael Drayton, Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part Edna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why Kim Addonizio, First Poem for You Mark Jarman, Unholy Sonnet: Hands Folded A. E. Stallings, Aftershocks Amit Majmudar, Rites to Allay the Dead R. S. Gwynn, Shakespearean Sonnet Sherman Alexie, The Facebook Sonnet Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth THE EPIGRAM Sir John Harrington, Of Treason William Blake, To H- Langston Hughes, Two Somewhat Different Epigrams Dorothy Parker, The Actress John Frederick Nims, Contemplation Hilaire Belloc, Fatigue Wendy Cope, Variation on Belloc's "Fatigue" Anonymous, Epitaph On A Dentist OTHER FORMS Dylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good night Robert Bridges, Triolet Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina WRITING EFFECTIVELY A. E. Stallings on Writing, On Form and Artifice THINKING ABOUT A SONNET CHECKLIST: Writing About a Sonnet TOPICS FOR WRITING ON closed form TERMS FOR REVIEW 24 OPEN FORM Denise Levertov, Ancient Stairway FREE VERSE E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill 's W. S. Merwin, For the Anniversary of My Death William Carlos Williams, The Dance Stephen Crane, The Heart Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford Ezra Pound, Salutation Wallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird PROSE POETRY Charles Simic, The Magic Study of Happiness Gertrude Stein, from Tender Buttons VISUAL POETRY George Herbert, Easter Wings John Hollander, Swan and Shadow CONCRETE POETRY Dorthi Charles, Concrete Cat FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY E. E. Cummings, in Just- Francisco X. Alarcon, Frontera / Border Carole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails Red Naomi Shihab Nye, The Traveling Onion WRITING EFFECTIVELY Walt Whitman on Writing, The Poetry of the Future THINKING ABOUT FREE VERSE CHECKLIST: Writing About Line Breaks TOPICS FOR WRITING ON OPEN FORM TERMS FOR REVIEW 25 SYMBOL THE MEANINGS OF A SYMBOL T. S. Eliot, The Boston Evening Transcript Emily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow Fork THE SYMBOLIST MOVEMENT IDENTIFYING SYMBOLS Thomas Hardy, Neutral Tones ALLEGORY Matthew, The Parable of the Good Seed George Herbert, Redemption Edwin Markham, Outwitted Suji Kwock Kim, Occupation Antonio Machado, Proverbios y Cantares (XXIX) Translated by Dana Gioia, Traveler Christina Rossetti, Up-Hill FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY William Carlos Williams, The Young Housewife Ted Kooser, Carrie Mary Oliver, Wild Geese Tami Haaland, Lipstick Lorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can cover Wallace Stevens, The Snow Man Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar William Blake, The Tyger WRITING EFFECTIVELY William Butler Yeats on Writing, Poetic Symbols THINKING ABOUT SYMBOLS CHECKLIST: Writing About Symbols TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SYMBOLISM TERMS FOR REVIEW 26 MYTH AND NARRATIVE THE SUBJECTS AND USES OF MYTH ORIGINS OF MYTH Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay William Wordsworth, The world is too much with us H. D., Helen Edgar Allan Poe, To Helen ARCHETYPE Louise Bogan, Medusa John Keats, La Belle Dame sans Merci PERSONAL MYTH William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming Diane Thiel, Memento Mori in Middle School MYTH AND POPULAR CULTURE Charles Martin, Taken Up FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY A. E. Stallings, First Love: A Quiz Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses Anne Sexton, Cinderella WRITING EFFECTIVELY Diane Thiel on Writing, Map of Myth THINKING ABOUT MYTH CHECKLIST: Writing About Myth TOPICS FOR WRITING ON MYTH Sample Student Paper, The Bonds Between Love and Hatred in H. D.'s "Helen" TERMS FOR REVIEW 27 POETRY AND PERSONAL IDENTITY CONFESSIONAL POETRY Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus IDENTITY POETICS Rhina Espaillat, Bilingual/Bilingue CULTURE, RACE, AND ETHNICITY Claude McKay, America Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Riding into California Francisco X. Alarcon, The X in My Name Judith Ortiz Cofer, Quinceanera Sherman Alexie, The Powwow at the End of the World Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It GENDER Anne Stevenson, The Victory Rafael Campo, For J. W. James Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio Adrienne Rich, Women FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY Brian Turner, The Hurt Locker Philip Larkin, Aubade WRITING EFFECTIVELY Rhina Espaillat on Writing, Being a Bilingual Writer THINKING ABOUT POETIC VOICE AND IDENTITY CHECKLIST: Writing About Voice and Personal Identity TOPICS FOR WRITING ON PERSONAL IDENTITY TERMS FOR REVIEW 28 TRANSLATION IS POETIC TRANSLATION POSSIBLE? WORLD POETRY Li Po, Drinking Alone Beneath the Moon (Chinese text) Li Po, Yue Xia Du Zhuo (phonetic Chinese transcription) Li Po, Moon-beneath Alone Drink (literal translation) Translated by Arthur Waley, Drinking Alone by Moonlight COMPARING TRANSLATIONS Horace, "Carpe Diem" Ode (Latin text) Horace, "Carpe Diem" Ode (literal translation) Translated by Edwin Arlington Robinson, Horace to Leuconoe Translated by A. E. Stallings, A New Year's Toast TRANSLATING FORM Omar Khayyam, Rubai XII (Persian text) Omar Khayyam, Rubai XII (literal translation) Translated by Edward FitzGerald, A Book of Verses underneath the Bough Translated by Dick Davis, I Need a Bare Sufficiency Omar Khayyam, Rubaiyat Translated by Edward FitzGerald, Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring Translated by Edward FitzGerald, Some for the Glories of this World Translated by Edward FitzGerald, I sometimes think that never blows so red Translated by Edward FitzGerald, The Moving Finger writes Translated by Edward FitzGerald, Ah Love! could you and I with Him conspire xxx PARODY Anonymous, We four lads from Liverpool are Andrea Patterson, Because I Could Not Dump Francis Heaney, We Long Bony Dorks Aaron Abeyta, thirteen ways of looking at a tortilla WRITING EFFECTIVELY Arthur Waley on Writing, The Method of Translation THINKING ABOUT PARODY CHECKLIST: Writing a Parody TOPICS FOR WRITING ON PARODY TERMS FOR REVIEW 29 POETRY IN SPANISH: LITERATURE OF LATIN AMERICA Sor Juana, Presente en que el Carino Hace Regalo la Llaneza Translated by Diane Thiel, A Simple Gift Made Rich by Affection Pablo Neruda, Muchos Somos Translated by Alastair Reid, We Are Many Jorge Luis Borges, On his blindness Translated by Robert Mezey, On His Blindness Octavio Paz, Con los ojos cerrados Translated by Eliot Weinberger, With eyes closed SURREALISM IN LATIN AMERICAN POETRY Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas Cesar Vallejo, La colera que quiebra al hombre en ninos Translated by Thomas Merton, Anger CONTEMPORARY MEXICAN POETRY Jose Emilio Pacheco, Alta Traicion Translated by Alastair Reid, High Treason Elva Macias, Comi los frutos elegidos Translated by Kimberly Gooden, I Ate the Fruits Chosen by the Wind WRITING EFFECTIVELY Alastair Reid on Writing, Translating Neruda TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SPANISH POETRY 30 RECOGNIZING EXCELLENCE Anonymous, O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful face Emily Dickinson, A Dying Tiger - moaned for Drink SENTIMENTALITY Rod McKuen, Thoughts on Capital Punishment William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark RECOGNIZING EXCELLENCE William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium Arthur Guiterman, On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias Robert Hayden, The Whipping Elizabeth Bishop, One Art Langston Hughes, I, Too John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale Dylan Thomas, In My Craft or Sullen Art Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain! Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee WRITING EFFECTIVELY Edgar Allan Poe on Writing, A Long Poem Does Not Exist THINKING ABOUT EVALUATING A POEM CHECKLIST: Writing an Evaluation TOPICS FOR WRITING ON EVALUATING A POEM TERMS FOR REVIEW 31 WHAT IS POETRY? SOME DEFINITIONS OF POETRY Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, Jose Garcia Villa, Christopher Fry, Elizabeth Bishop, Joy Harjo, Octavio Paz, Denise Levertov, Lucille Clifton, Charles Simic 32 THREE CRITICAL CASEBOOKS Emily Dickinson, Langston Hughes, and Robert Frost EMILY DICKINSON Success is counted sweetest I taste a liquor never brewed Wild Nights - Wild Nights! I felt a Funeral, in my Brain I'm Nobody! Who are you? The Soul selects her own Society Some keep the Sabbath going to Church Much Madness is divinest Sense This is my letter to the World I heard a Fly buzz - when I died I started Early - Took my Dog Because I could not stop for Death Tell all the Truth but tell it slant EMILY DICKINSON ON WRITING Recognizing Poetry Self-Description CRITICS ON EMILY DICKINSON Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Meeting Emily Dickinson Thomas H. Johnson, The Discovery of Emily Dickinson's Manuscripts Richard Wilbur, The Three Privations of Emily Dickinson Cynthia Griffin Wolff, Dickinson and Death (A Reading of "Because I could not stop for Death") Judith Farr, A Reading of "My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun" LANGSTON HUGHES The Negro Speaks of Rivers The Negro My People Song for a Banjo Dance Mother to Son Song for a Dark Girl Prayer Luck Theme for English B Nightmare Boogie Harlem [Dream Deferred] Ballad of Booker T. Homecoming LANGSTON HUGHES ON WRITING The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain The Harlem Renaissance CRITICS ON LANGSTON HUGHES Arnold Rampersad, Hughes as an Experimentalist Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson, The Voices in Langston Hughes Darryl Pinckney, Black Identity in Langston Hughes Peter Townsend, Langston Hughes and Jazz Onwuchekwa Jemie, A Reading of "Dream Deferred" ROBERT FROST Mowing Mending Wall After Apple-picking The Road Not Taken Birches Design Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Fire and Ice Acquainted with the Night Desert Places The Silken Tent Home Burial ROBERT FROST ON WRITING The Sound of Sense The Figure a Poem Makes "There Are Two Types of Realist": An Interview with Robert Frost CRITICS ON ROBERT FROST Katherine Kearns, On "Mending Wall" Ezra Pound, An Honest Writer Rhina Espaillat, Translating Frost into Spanish William H. Pritchard, from "Forms of Guardedness" Dana Gioia, Robert Frost's Dramatic Narratives WRITING EFFECTIVELY TOPICS FOR WRITING 33 CRITICAL CASEBOOK T. S. Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" T. S. ELIOT The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock PUBLISHING "PRUFROCK" THE REVIEWERS ON PRUFROCK Unsigned, Review from Times Literary Supplement Unsigned, Review from Literary World Conrad Aiken, from "Divers Realists," The Dial Babette Deutsch, from "Another Impressionist," The New Republic Marianne Moore, from "A Note on T. S. Eliot's Book," Poetry May Sinclair, from "Prufrock and Other Observations: A Criticism," The Little Review T. S. ELIOT ON WRITING Poetry and Emotion The Objective Correlative The Difficulty of Poetry CRITICS ON "PRUFROCK" Denis Donoghue, One of the Irrefutable Poets Christopher Ricks, What's in a Name? Philip R. Headings, The Pronouns in the Poem: "One," "You," and "I" Maud Ellmann, Will There Be Time? Burton Raffel, "Indeterminacy" in Eliot's Poetry WRITING EFFECTIVELY TOPICS FOR WRITING 34 POEMS FOR FURTHER READING Julia Alvarez, By Accident Anonymous (Scottish ballad), Lord Randall Anonymous (Navajo chant), Last Words of the Prophet Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach John Ashbery, At North Farm W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening W. H. Auden, Musee des Beaux Arts Jimmy Santiago Baca, Spliced Wire Elizabeth Bishop, Filling Station William Blake, The Sick Rose Gwendolyn Brooks, the mother Gwendolyn Brooks, the rites for Cousin Vit Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister Charles Bukowski, Dostoevsky Geoffrey Chaucer, Merciless Beauty G.K. Chesterton, The Donkey John Ciardi, Most Like an Arch This Marriage Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan Billy Collins, Care and Feeding Hart Crane, My Grandmother's Love Letters E. E. Cummings, somewhere i have never travelled, gladly beyond Marisa de los Santos, Perfect Dress Michael Donaghy, Our Life Stories John Donne, Death be not proud John Donne, The Flea John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning T. S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain Thomas Hardy, Hap Seamus Heaney, Digging William Ernest Henley, Invictus George Herbert, Love Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner Robinson Jeffers, Fire on the Hills Ha Jin, Missed Time Ben Jonson, On My First Son Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn John Keats, When I have fears that I may cease to be Ted Kooser, Abandoned Farmhouse Philip Larkin, Home is so Sad Philip Larkin, Poetry of Departures D. H. Lawrence, Piano Li-Young Lee, Out of Hiding Denise Levertov, O Taste and See Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to love America Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress David Mason, Ballade at 3 AM Claude McKay, The Harlem Dancer Edna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent Marianne Moore, Poetry Marilyn Nelson, A Strange Beautiful Woman Lorine Niedecker, Sorrow Moves in Wide Waves Sylvia Plath, Daddy Alexander Pope, A little Learning is a dang'rous Thing Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter John Crowe Ransom, Piazza Piece Henry Reed, Naming of Parts Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy Christina Rossetti, When I am dead, my dearest Kay Ryan, That Will to Divest William Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes William Shakespeare, When to the sessions of sweet silent thought William Shakespeare, My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun Charles Simic, Butcher Shop Christopher Smart, For I will consider my Cat Jeoffry Cathy Song, Stamp Collecting Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill Amy Uyematsu, Deliberate Derek Walcott, Sea Grapes Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose Walt Whitman, from Song of the Open Road Walt Whitman, I Hear America Singing Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astonomer William Carlos Williams, Spring and All William Carlos Williams, Queen-Anne's-Lace William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge Mary Sidney Wroth, In this strange labyrinth Sir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me that sometime did me seke William Butler Yeats, He wishes for the Cloths of heaven William Butler Yeats, The Magi William Butler Yeats, When You Are Old Drama Talking with David Ives 35 READING A PLAY INTERPRETING PLAYS THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS ELEMENTS OF A PLAY Susan Glaspell, Trifles ANALYZING TRIFLES WRITING EFFECTIVELY Susan Glaspell on Writing, Creating Trifles THINKING ABOUT A PLAY CHECKLIST: Writing About a Play TOPICS FOR WRITING ON TRIFLES Sample Student Paper, Outside Trifles TERMS FOR REVIEW 36 MODES OF DRAMA Tragedy and Comedy TRAGEDY Christopher Marlowe, Scene from Doctor Faustus (Act x, Scene x) COMEDY Oscar Wilde, Scene from The Importance of Being Earnest (Act 1, Scene 1-Lady Bracknell Interviews Her Daughter's Suitor) David Ives, Soap Opera WRITING EFFECTIVELY David Ives on Writing, On the One-Act Play THINKING ABOUT COMEDY CHECKLIST: Writing About Comedy TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT TRAGEDY TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT COMEDY TERMS FOR REVIEW 37 CRITICAL CASEBOOK Sophocles THE THEATER OF SOPHOCLES THE CIVIC ROLE OF GREEK DRAMA ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF TRAGEDY SOPHOCLES THE ORIGINS OF OEDIPUS THE KING Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Translated by David Grene) THE BACKGROUND OF ANTIGONE Sophocles, Antigone (Translated by David Grene) CRITICS ON SOPHOCLES Aristotle, Defining Tragedy Sigmund Freud, The Destiny of Oedipus A. E. Haigh, The Irony of Sophocles David Wiles, The Chorus as Democrat Jean Anouihl, Tragic Destiny Patricia M. Lines, What Is Antigone's Tragic Flaw? WRITING EFFECTIVELY A. E. Haigh on Writing, The Style of Sophocles THINKING ABOUT GREEK TRAGEDY CHECKLIST: Writing About Greek Drama TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SOPHOCLES TERMS FOR REVIEW 38 CRITICAL CASEBOOK Shakespeare THE THEATER OF SHAKESPEARE WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE A NOTE ON OTHELLO PICTURING OTHELLO William Shakespeare, Othello, the Moor of Venice THE BACKGROUND OF HAMLET PICTURING HAMLET William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark THE BACKGROUND OF A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM PICTURING A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream CRITICS ON SHAKESPEARE Anthony Burgess, An Asian Culture Looks at Shakespeare W. H. Auden, Iago as a Triumphant Villain Maud Bodkin, Lucifer in Shakespeare's Othello Virginia Mason Vaughan, Black and White in Othello A. C. Bradley, Hamlet's Melancholy Rebecca West, Hamlet and Ophelia Edgar Allan Poe, Hamlet as a Fictional Character Samuel Johnson, Shakespeare's Universality Clare Asquith, Shakespeare's Language as a Hidden Political Code Germaine Greer, Shakespeare's "Honest Mirth" Linda Bamber, Female Power in A Midsummer Night's Dream WRITING EFFECTIVELY Ben Jonson on Writing, On His Friend and Rival William Shakespeare UNDERSTANDING SHAKESPEARE CHECKLIST: Writing About Shakespeare TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SHAKESPEARE Sample Student Paper, Othello: Tragedy or Soap Opera? 39 THE MODERN THEATER REALISM NATURALISM SYMBOLISM AND EXPRESSIONISM AMERICAN MODERNISM Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House (Translated by R. Farquharson Sharp, revised by Viktoria Michelsen) Henrik Ibsen on Writing, Correspondence on the Final Scene of A Doll's House Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams on Writing, How to Stage The Glass Menagerie TRAGICOMEDY AND THE ABSURD RETURN TO REALISM EXPERIMENTAL DRAMA Milcha Sanchez-Scott, The Cuban Swimmer Milcha Sanchez-Scott on Writing, Writing The Cuban Swimmer DOCUMENTARY DRAMA Anna Deavere Smith, Scenes from Twilight: Los Angeles Anna Deavere Smith on Writing, On Documentary Theater WRITING EFFECTIVELY THINKING ABOUT DRAMATIC REALISM CHECKLIST: Writing About a Realist Play TOPICS FOR WRITING ON REALISM Sample Student Paper, Helmer vs. Helmer TERMS FOR REVIEW 40 EVALUATING A PLAY WRITING EFFECTIVELY JUDGING A PLAY CHECKLIST: Evaluating a Play TOPICS FOR WRITING ON EVALUATION 41 Plays for Further Reading David Henry Hwang, The Sound of a Voice David Henry Hwang on Writing, Multicultural Theater Edward Bok Lee, El Santo Americano Edward Bok Lee on Writing, On Being a Korean American Writer Jane Martin, Pomp and Circumstance Brighde Mullins, Click Brighde Mullins on Writing, Advice for Young Playwrights August Wilson, Fences August Wilson on Writing, A Look into Black America Writing 42 WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE READ ACTIVELY Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay PLAN YOUR ESSAY PREWRITING: GENERATE IDEAS AND ISSUES Sample Student Prewriting Exercises DEVELOP YOUR ARGUMENT STRENGTHEN YOUR ARGUMENT: RHETORICAL APPEALS Logical Argumentation and Evidence Emotional Argumentation Credibility: Tone, Balance, and Organization CHECKLIST: Developing an Argument DRAFT YOUR ARGUMENT Sample Student Paper, Rough Draft REVISE YOUR ARGUMENT CHECKLIST: Revising Your Argument FINAL ADVICE ON REWRITING SAMPLE STUDENT ARGUMENT PAPER Sample Student Paper, Argument DOCUMENT SOURCES TO AVOID PLAGIARISM THE FORM OF YOUR FINISHED PAPER SPELL-CHECK AND GRAMMAR-CHECK PROGRAMS Anonymous (after a poem by Jerrold H. Zar), A Little Poem Regarding Computer Spell Checkers 43 WRITING ABOUT A STORY READ ACTIVELY THINK ABOUT THE STORY PREWRITING: generate ideas and issues Sample Student Prewriting Exercises DRAFT YOUR ARGUMENT CHECKLIST: Drafting Your Argument REVISE YOUR DRAFT CHECKLIST: Revising Your Argument WHAT'S YOUR PURPOSE? COMMON APPROACHES TO WRITING ABOUT FICTION Explication Sample Student Paper, Explication Analysis Sample Student Paper, Analysis The Card Report Sample Student Card Report Comparison and Contrast Sample Student Paper, Comparison and Contrast Response Paper Sample Student Response Paper TOPICS FOR WRITING 44 WRITING ABOUT A POEM READ ACTIVELY Robert Frost, Design THINK ABOUT THE POEM PREWRITING: generate ideas and issues Sample Student Prewriting Exercises DRAFT YOUR ARGUMENT CHECKLIST: Drafting your Argument REVISE YOUR DRAFT CHECKLIST: Revising Your Draft COMMON APPROACHES TO WRITING ABOUT POETRY Explication Sample Student Paper, Explication A Critic's Explication of Frost's "Design" Analysis Sample Student Paper, Analysis Comparison and Contrast Abbie Huston Evans, Wing-Spread Sample Student Paper, Comparison and Contrast HOW TO QUOTE A POEM TOPICS FOR WRITING Robert Frost, In White 45 WRITING ABOUT A PLAY READ CRITICALLY COMMON APPROACHES TO WRITING ABOUT DRAMA Explication Analysis Comparison and Contrast Card Report Sample Student Card Report A Drama Review Sample Student Drama Review HOW TO QUOTE A PLAY TOPICS FOR WRITING 46 WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER BROWSE THE RESEARCH CHOOSE A TOPIC BEGIN YOUR RESEARCH Reliable Web Sources Print Resources Online Databases CHECKLIST: Finding Reliable Sources Visual Images CHECKLIST: Using Visual Images EVALUATE YOUR SOURCES Trustworthy Resources Build Your Paper's Credibility CHECKLIST: Evaluating Your Sources ORGANIZE YOUR RESEARCH CREATE AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY REFINE YOUR THESIS ORGANIZE YOUR PAPER WRITE AND REVISE MAINTAIN ACADEMIC INTEGRITY What Is Plagiarism? Papers for Sale Are Papers that "Fail" A Warning Against Internet Plagiarism ACKNOWLEDGE ALL SOURCES Using Quotations Citing Ideas DOCUMENT SOURCES USING MLA STYLE List of Sources Parenthetical References Works-Cited List Citing Print Sources in MLA Style Citing Web Sources in MLA Style Sample List of Works Cited ENDNOTES AND FOOTNOTES Adding Footnotes CONCLUDING THOUGHTS WRITING ASSIGNMENT FOR A RESEARCH PAPER Sample Student Research Paper Sample Student Research Paper Reference Guide for mla Citations 47 WRITING AS DISCOVERY Keeping a Journal THE REWARDS OF KEEPING A JOURNAL Sample Journal Entry Sample Student Journal 48 WRITING AN ESSAY EXAM CHECKLIST: Taking an Essay Exam 49 CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE FORMALIST CRITICISM Cleanth Brooks, The Formalist Critic Michael Clark, Light and Darkness in "Sonny's Blues" BIOGRAPHICAL CRITICISM Brett C. Millier, On Elizabeth Bishop's "One Art" Emily Toth, The Source for Alcee Laballiere in "The Storm" HISTORICAL CRITICISM Hugh Kenner, Imagism Seamus Deane, Joyce's Vision of Dublin PSYCHOLOGICAL CRITICISM Sigmund Freud, The Nature of Dreams Daniel Hoffman, The Father-Figure in "The Tell-Tale Heart" MYTHOLOGICAL CRITICISM Carl Jung, The Collective Unconscious and Archetypes Edmond Volpe, Myth in Faulkner's "Barn Burning" SOCIOLOGICAL CRITICISM Georg Lukacs, Content Determines Form Daniel P. Watkins, Money and Labor in "The Rocking-Horse Winner" GENDER CRITICISM Nina Pelikan Straus, Transformations in The Metamorphosis Richard R. Bozorth, "Tell Me the Truth About Love" READER-RESPONSE CRITICISM Stanley Fish, An Eskimo "A Rose for Emily" Robert Scholes, "How Do We Make a Poem?" CULTURAL STUDIES Mark Bauerlein, What Is Cultural Studies? Camille Paglia, A Reading of William Blake's "The Chimney Sweeper" TERMS FOR REVIEW Glossary of Literary Terms Literary Credits Photo Credits Index of Major Themes Index of First Lines of Poetry Index of Authors and Titles Index of Literary Terms

Product Details

  • publication date: 02/01/2015
  • ISBN13: 9780321971661
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 2064
  • ID: 9780321971661
  • weight: 1565
  • ISBN10: 0321971663
  • edition: 13th Revised edition

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