Mohammed Afifi (1922-1981) received his degree in law from Cairo University, yet chose a career as a writer and journalist. The first of his twelve books appeared in 1946 and this the last, Taraniim fii Dhill Tamaara, was published posthumously in 1984. In 1980, Afifi was awarded the Certificate of Merit for artistic creativity from Egyptian president Anwar Sadat. Lisa J. White teaches Arabic in the Arabic Language Institute at the American University in Cairo. Born in Philadelphia, she was educated at Harvard, Penn State, University of Michigan, Strasbourg University, and University of Aix-en-Provence.