Written for teams of engineers, transportation planners, landscape architects, and urban planners, this book provides a broad overview of the growing approach towards complete and sustainable street design. Its contents present the background on modern street design and where it has failed, describe a series of street typologies, and demonstrate, through geographically diverse case studies, the applicable lessons learned from each. Featuring examples from over two dozen completed street design projects around the world, it provides practical guidance on the complete street approach to sustainable and community-minded street and road design.
Lesley Bain, AIA, LEED, is an architect, urban designer, and Principal at Weinstein A|U Architects + Urban Designers LLC. Lesley has played prominent roles in many of Seattle's urban design efforts including pedestrian planning, station area development, campus planning, and incorporating transportation into neighborhoods. Barbara Gray is an urban planner with eighteen years of professional experience in community design and transportation planning. She currently manages the Transportation Systems Design and Planning group for the Seattle Department of Transportation. Dave Rodgers, PE, LEED, is recognized nationwide as being at the forefront of innovative sustainable design. He is a Principal at SvR Design Company.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xi OVERVIEW xiii Chapter 1 PLACEMAKING IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY 1 The Function of Places 2 Why Invest in a Quality Public Realm? 4 Placemaking and Design 5 Encouraging the Use of Public Space 11 Reclaiming Right-of-Way for Public Places 14 Considering All the Elements in the Right-of-Way 21 Chapter 2 MOBILITY 23 Connecting People to Places 24 Why Have Walkable, Bikeable Communities? 25 The Size and Shape of Movement 26 The Pace of Movement 34 A Shift in Thinking 35 Chapter 3 NATURAL SYSTEMS 39 Reconnecting Cities to Nature 40 Urban Biodiversity 41 Natural Systems and Opportunities in the Right-of-Way 42 Why Reconnect Nature and the City? 49 Chapter 4 ELEMENTS 51 Places to Move Through 52 Materials 58 Intersections 59 Bicycle Facilities 61 Signage 68 Street Furniture 70 Street Trees and Landscaping 74 Swales and Rain Gardens 74 Curbs, Gutters, and Alternatives 77 Parking 79 Chapter 5 INFLUENCES 83 Considering Context 84 Policy Foundation Policies That Infl uence Street Design 87 Codes, Guidelines, and Standards 93 Reality Factors 99 Chapter 6 TYPOLOGIES 113 Typologies Overview 113 Residential Streets 115 Green Streets 123 Alleys 139 Main Streets 154 Thoroughfares 171 Shared-Use Streets 182 Festival Streets 193 Chapter 7 CASE STUDIES 207 Mint Plaza 208 Nord Alley 217 Central Annapolis Road 225 78th Avenue SE Shared Use 235 High Point 243 Barracks Row 255 New York City 263 Terry Avenue North 271 Chapter 8 WHAT'S NEXT 285 Biophilic Cities: More Nature in the City 286 New Technologies 287 Building the Dream 290 Conclusions 296 RESOURCES 301 INDEX 311