Since 1986, the Acholi people of northern Uganda have lived in the crossfire of a violent civil war, with the Lord's Resistance Army and other groups fighting the Ugandan government. Acholi have been murdered, maimed, and driven into displacement. Thousands of children have been abducted and forced to fight. Many observers have perceived Acholiland and northern Uganda to be an exception in contemporary Uganda, which has been celebrated by the international community for its increased political stability and particularly for its fight against AIDS. These observers tend to portray the Acholi as war-prone, whether because of religious fanaticism or intractable ethnic hatreds. In Living with Bad Surroundings, Sverker Finnstroem rejects these characterizations and challenges other simplistic explanations for the violence in northern Uganda. Foregrounding the narratives of individual Acholi, Finnstroem enables those most affected by the ongoing "dirty war" to explain how they participate in, comprehend, survive, and even resist it.Finnstroem draws on fieldwork conducted in northern Uganda between 1997 and 2006 to describe how the Acholi-especially the younger generation, those born into the era of civil strife-understand and attempt to control their moral universe and material circumstances. Structuring his argument around indigenous metaphors and images, notably the Acholi concepts of good and bad surroundings, he vividly renders struggles in war and the related ills of impoverishment, sickness, and marginalization. In this rich ethnography, Finnstroem provides a clear-eyed assessment of the historical, cultural, and political underpinnings of the civil war while maintaining his focus on Acholi efforts to achieve "good surroundings," viable futures for themselves and their families.
Sverker Finnstroem is a researcher at the Hugo Valentin Centre of Uppsala University.
Acknowledgments ix Orientations: War and culture in Uganda 1 1. Acholi worlds and the colonial encounter 29 2. Neocolonial legacies and evolving war 63 3. Rebel manifestos in context 99 4. Displacements 131 5. Wartime rumors and moral truths 167 6. Uprooting the pumpkins 197 Reorientations: Unfinished realities 233 Notes 245 Acronyms 253 References 255 Index 277