This book opens a fresh chapter in the debate on local enterprise clusters and their strategies for upgrading in the global economy. The authors employ a novel conceptual framework in their research on industrial clusters in Europe, Latin America and Asia and provide new perspectives and insights for researchers and policymakers alike.
The debate on local upgrading capacity is torn between two lines of thinking: those who believe that local relationships between enterprises and institutions are key to upgrading, and those who argue that the spaces for upgrading are defined by the sourcing strategies of global buyers. From this debate a number of important questions arise: how feasible is it to develop local upgrading strategies? Can local policy networks make a difference, or do global forces undermine them? Do global quality and labour standards marginalise developing country producers or do they help them to upgrade? To answer these questions, the book brings together theoretical and empirical research on local and regional clusters, global value chains and global standards, using case studies from developed and developing countries. The authors provide a new understanding of how global and local governance interact, highlighting power and inequality in global chains but also identifying scope for local action.
By showing how and why insertion in global value chains can accelerate or inhibit local upgrading, this book represents a significant contribution to the academic and political debate on globalization. It will be essential reading for all students, academics and researchers interested in global political economy, global and local governance structures, economic geography and innovation studies.
Edited by Hubert Schmitz, Emeritus Professor, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK
Contents: 1. Globalized Localities: Introduction 2. Regions in the `World Economic Triangle' 3. Making Sense of Global Standards 4. Governance in Global Value Chains 5. The Underground Revolution in the Sinos Valley: A Comparison of Upgrading in Global and National Value Chains 6. How Globalization Affects Italian Industrial Districts: The Case of Brenta 7. Upgrading in the Tile Industry of Italy, Spain and Brazil: Insights from Cluster and Value Chain Analysis 8. Local Upgrading Strategies in Response to Global Challenges: The Surgical Instrument Cluster of Tuttlingen, Germany 9. Clustering and Upgrading in Global Value Chains: The Taiwanese Personal Computer Industry 10. Global Quality Standards and Technological Upgrading in the Brazilian Auto-components Industry 11. The Effect of Global Standards on Local Producers: A Pakistani Case Study 12. Paradoxes and Ironies of Locational Policy in the New Global Economy 13. Chain Governance and Upgrading: Taking Stock Index