Increased yields, markets, and profitability have led to changes in crop husbandry. Since its first publication in 1966, revised editions of Lockhart & Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland have upheld and increased the book's good reputation. This ninth edition maintains its status as the standard textbook for many agricultural courses.
Part one covers the principles of crop production with chapters concerning plants, climate, soil management, fertilizers, manures, weeds, and diseases threatening farm crops. Part two surveys crop husbandry techniques. Environmental impact has been addressed in greater detail in this edition. This section looks at issues such as sustainable crop management, precision farming, and organic crop husbandry. The way these general techniques apply to individual crops is explained in part three. This part considers a range of cereals, combinable break crops, root crops, industrial crops, and fresh produce crops. Part four looks at the use of grassland and forage crops, with chapters considering arable forage crops, the characteristics of grassland, and the corresponding methods for establishing and improving grassland. This part also includes information regarding equine grassland management and conservation of grass and forage crops.
This ninth edition of Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland is relevant for students throughout the United Kingdom and Europe. It is a useful reference book for agriculture National Diploma courses, Foundation Degrees, and BSc degrees, and is important for Masters level students entering agriculture from another discipline.
Steve Finch, is Principal Lecturer in Crop Production at the Royal Agricultural University, UK Alison M. Samuel was Senior Lecturer at the University of Plymouth, (Seale-Hayne Campus) UK Gerry P. Lane was formerly a Principal Lecturer at the Royal Agricultural University, UK.
Dedication Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition Foreword Acknowledgements Introduction Cropping Crop yields Crop inputs Crop mechanisation and storage Support and legislation Environmental issues Research Education Sources of further information and advice Part I: Principles of crop production 1. Plants Abstract: 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Plant physiology 1.3 Plant groups 1.4 Structure of the seed 1.5 Plant structure 1.6 Plant requirements 1.7 Legumes and nitrogen fixation 1.8 The control of plant growth and development 1.9 Sources of further information and advice 2. Climate and weather Abstract: 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Solar radiation and rainfall 2.3 Air and soil temperature 2.4 Other aspects of climate and weather 2.5 Climate change 2.6 Sources of further information and advice 3. Soils and soil management Abstract: 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Soil formation 3.3 The physical make-up of soil and its effect on plant growth 3.4 Farm soils 3.5 Soil fertility and productivity 3.6 Sources of further information and advice 4. Fertilisers and manures Abstract: 4.1 Nutrients required by crops 4.2 Trace elements 4.3 Units of plant food 4.4 Straight fertilisers 4.5 Compound fertilisers 4.6 Application of fertilisers 4.7 Organic manures 4.8 Residual values of fertilisers and manures 4.9 Fertilisers and the environment 4.10 Sources of further information and advice 5. Weeds of farm crops Abstract: 5.1 The impact of weeds 5.2 Weed types and identification 5.3 Control of weeds: general 5.4 Herbicide resistance 5.5 Spraying with herbicides: precautions 5.6 Sources of further information and advice 6. Diseases of farm crops Abstract: 6.1 Introduction to plant disorders 6.2 Symptoms 6.3 Some important types of plant pathogens 6.4 Other disorders 6.5 The control of plant diseases 6.6 Fungicide resistance 6.7 Sources of further information and advice 7. Pests of farm crops Abstract: 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Insect pests 7.3 Other pests of crops 7.4 Types of pest damage 7.5 Methods of pest control 7.6 Classification of pesticides 7.7 Resistance 7.8 Integrated pest management 7.9 Sources of further information and advice Part II: Crop husbandry techniques 8. Cropping techniques Abstract: 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Drainage 8.3 Irrigation 8.4 Warping 8.5 Claying 8.6 Tillage and cultivations 8.7 Control of weeds by cultivation 8.8 Crop management: key issues 8.9 Break crops and crop rotations 8.10 Sources of further information and advice 9. Sustainable crop management Abstract: 9.1 Introduction 9.2 The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) 9.3 Sustainable agriculture 9.4 The development of Integrated Crop Management (ICM), Integrated Farm Management (IFM) and sustainable crop production 9.5 Food quality and safety in the food chain: farm assurance schemes 9.6 Wildlife and conservation 9.7 Key points 9.8 Sources of further information and advice 10. Precision farming Abstract: 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Data collection 10.3 Data interpretation 10.4 Auto-steering and controlled traffic farming 10.5 The technology 10.6 Sources of further information and advice 11. Organic crop husbandry Abstract: 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Achieving organic status 11.3 Rotations 11.4 Soil and plant nutrition 11.5 Weed control 11.6 Disease control 11.7 Pest control 11.8 Husbandry examples 11.9 Other systems 11.10 Organic farming and the environment 11.11 Sources of further information and advice 12. Plant breeding and seed production Abstract: 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Plant breeding methods 12.3 Target traits in breeding 12.4 Choosing the right variety 12.5 Seed quality 12.6 Seed production 12.7 Sources of further information and advice Part III: The management of individual crops 13. Cereals Abstract: 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Cereal identification 13.3 Grain quality in cereals 13.4 Cereal growth, yield and inputs 13.5 Harvesting 13.6 Grain-drying methods 13.7 Moist grain storage 13.8 Cereal straw 13.9 Wheat 13.10 Durum wheat 13.11 Barley 13.12 Oats 13.13 Rye 13.14 Triticale 13.15 Maize for grain 13.16 Sources of further information and advice 14. Combinable break crops Abstract: 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Oilseed rape 14.3 Linseed and flax 14.4 Sunflowers 14.5 Soya beans 14.6 Evening primrose 14.7 Borage 14.8 Combinable pulses 14.9 Sources of further information and advice 15. Root crops Abstract: 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Potatoes 15.3 Sugar beet 15.4 Future trends 15.5 Sources of further information and advice 16. Industrial crops Abstract: 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Specific crops: Miscanthus 16.3 Short Rotation Coppice 16.4 Wetland crops 16.5 Crops for anaerobic digestion (AD) 16.6 Woodland biomass 16.7 Liquid biofuel crops 16.8 Lubricant oil crops 16.9 Fibre crops 16.10 Pharmaceuticals, neutraceuticals, essential oils and cosmetics 16.11 Carbohydrate crops 16.12 Sources of further information and advice 17. Fresh produce crops Abstract: 17.1 Growing fresh produce crops 17.2 Fresh peas 17.3 Broad beans 17.4 Green beans 17.5 Lettuce 17.6 Baby leaves and herbs 17.7 Cabbages 17.8 Broccoli 17.9 Cauliflowers 17.10 Brussels sprouts 17.11 Bulb onions 17.12 Leeks 17.13 Carrots 17.14 Edible swede and turnips 17.15 Strawberries 17.16 Sources of further information and advice Part IV: Grassland and forage crops 18. Arable forage crops Abstract: 18.1 Crops grown for their yield of roots 18.2 Crops grown for grazing 18.3 Crops grown for ensiling 18.4 Sources of further information and advice 19. Introduction to grass production/characteristics of grassland and the important species Abstract: 19.1 Types of grassland 19.2 The nutritive value of grassland herbage 19.3 Identification of grasses 19.4 Identification of legumes 19.5 Grasses of economic importance 19.6 Forage legumes of economic importance 19.7 Herbs 19.8 Grass and legume seed mixtures 19.9 Sources of further information and advice 20. Establishing and improving grassland Abstract: 20.1 Establishing leys 20.2 Grassland improvement and renovation 20.3 Improving a sward by changing the management 20.4 Improving a sward by renovation 20.5 Fertilisers for grassland 20.6 Irrigation of grassland 20.7 Sources of further information and advice 21. Grazing management Abstract: 21.1 Introduction 21.2 Stocking rate or density 21.3 Principles of grazing management 21.4 Grazing systems 21.5 Strategies to minimise parasitism at grass 21.6 The energy yield from grass and forage - the Utilised Metabolisable Energy (UME) calculation 21.7 Sources of further information and advice 22. Conservation of grass and forage crops Abstract: 22.1 Introduction 22.2 Crops for silage making 22.3 The silage-making process 22.4 Factors affecting silage fermentation 22.5 Hay 22.6 Green-crop drying 22.7 Sources of further information and advice Appendices Appendix 1. Soil texture assessment in the field Appendix 2. Nomenclature of crops Appendix 3. Nomenclature of weeds Appendix 4. Nomenclature of diseases Appendix 5. Nomenclature of pests Appendix 6. Crop seeds Appendix 7. Agricultural land classification (ALC) in England and Wales Defra land classification maps and reports Index