Logical empiricism flourished in the 1920s and 1930s and dominated epistemology until the 1960s. A program for the study of science arguing that all scientific claims must be evaluated solely on the basis of empirical evidence, it has been derided by critics who claim it has been superseded in more recent decades. This volume reexamines the origins of logical empiricism and offers fresh insights into its relationship to contemporary philosophy of science. It also provides new insights into the relationships between this movement and continental philosophy, and challenges the view that logical empiricism and post-positivist philosophy of science are categorically opposed to one another. Finally, it shows why and how some fundamental aspects of logical empiricism, particularly in its nonlinguistic form, are still valid today.
Paolo Parrini, full professor of theoretical philosophy at the University of Florence and past president of the Italian Society of Analytical Philosophy, is the author of numerous works on epistemology, philosophy of science, and history of science. Wesley C. Salmon was University Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the University of Pittsburgh at the time of his death in 2001. He is best known for his work on scientific explanation and causation. Merrilee H. Salmon, professor emerita of history and philosophy of science at the University of Pittsburgh, is the author of Introduction to Logic & Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition, and coauthor of Introduction to Philosophy of Science, among other publications.