Logistics Management and Strategy: Competing Through the Supply Chain (New edition)

Logistics Management and Strategy: Competing Through the Supply Chain (New edition)

By: Alan Harrison (author), Remko van Hoek (author), Heather Skipworth (author)Paperback

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Description

Listed as one of the top ten supply chain books of all time on www.supplychainopz.com! A concise, applied and strategic introduction to the subject of logistics and supply chain management, perfect for modern managers and students of logistics and supply chain management. Logistics and supply chain management continue to transform the competitive landscape and have become one of today's key business issues. This fifth edition of Logistics Management and Strategy continues to take a practical, integrated and international approach to logistics, and includes the very latest research to reflect the innovative and exciting developments in this subject area. A clear framework guides the reader through the four parts of the book, covering; * an introduction to logistics and its contribution to competitiveness and value creation, * leveraging logistics operations within the context of the customer * supplier partnerships, interfaces and the challenges of integration * leading-edge thinking in logistics and the future challenges ahead This new edition contains; * 15+ new cases (including Heineken, Unilever and Johnson and Johnson) - coverage of disaster logistics and Corporate Social Responsibility from the supply chain perspective - discussion of global governance of the supply chain - even more coverage on value and logistics costs and segmented supply chain strategy, equipping the reader with the latest thinking 'Well written and contains a wealth of valuable ideas and concepts.' - Dr Jan de Vries, University of Groningen 'Very up-to-date, both in terms of its conceptual framework and the topics covered. Remarkably clear and easy to read.' - Dr Tony Whiteing, University of Huddersfield Alan Harrison was Professor of Operations and Logistics at Cranfield School of Management, and Director of Research at The Cranfield Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Remko van Hoek is visiting Professor of Supply Chain Management at The Cranfield Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain Management. He is also Chief Procurement Officer at GDF SUEZ/Cofely the Netherlands. Heather Skipworth is Senior Research Fellow at Cranfield School of Management, The Cranfield Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

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Contents

Contents Foreword xiii Preface xv Authors' acknowledgements xvii Publisher's acknowledgements xix How to use this book xxi Plan of the book xxiii Part One COMPETING THROUGH LOGISTICS 1 Logistics and the supply chain 3 Introduction 3 1.1 Logistics and the supply chain 4 1.1.1 Definitions and concepts 6 1.1.2 Supply chain: structure and tiering 8 1.2 Material flow and information flow 12 1.2.1 Material flow 12 1.2.2 Information flow 15 1.3 Competing through logistics 16 1.3.1 Hard objectives 17 1.3.2 Supportive capabilities 19 1.3.3 Soft objectives 25 1.3.4 Order winners and qualifiers 26 1.4 Logistics strategy 27 1.4.1 Defining 'strategy' 28 1.4.2 Aligning strategies 29 1.4.3 Differentiating strategies 30 1.4.4 Trade-offs in logistics 31 Summary 32 Discussion questions 33 References 33 Suggested further reading 34 2 Putting the end-customer first 35 Introduction 35 2.1 The marketing perspective 36 2.1.1 Rising customer expectations 37 2.1.2 The information revolution 37 2.2 Segmentation 38 2.3 Demand profiling 46 2.4 Quality of service 50 2.4.1 Customer loyalty 51 2.4.2 Value disciplines 53 2.4.3 Relationship marketing and customer relationship management (CRM) 53 2.4.4 Measuring service quality 56 2.5 Setting priorities for logistics strategy 56 2.5.1 Step 1: Diagnose current approach to market segmentation 58 2.5.2 Step 2a: Understand buying behaviour 59 2.5.3 Step 2b: Customer value analysis 60 2.5.4 Step 3: Measure logistics strategy drivers 60 2.5.5 Step 4: Specify future approach to market segmentation 63 Summary 68 Discussion questions 69 References 70 Suggested further reading 71 3 Value and logistics costs 73 Introduction 73 3.1 Where does value come from? 74 3.1.1 Return on investment (ROI) 75 3.1.2 Financial ratios and ROI drivers 77 3.2 How can logistics costs be represented? 79 3.2.1 Fixed/variable 81 3.2.2 Direct/indirect 85 3.2.3 Engineered/discretionary 87 3.3 Activity-based costing (ABC) 89 3.3.1 ABC example 91 3.3.2 Cost-time profile (CTP) 92 3.3.3 Cost-to-serve (CTS) 94 3.4 A balanced measurement portfolio 95 3.4.1 Balanced measures 96 3.4.2 Supply chain management and the balanced scorecard 97 3.4.3 Supply chain financial model 99 3.5 Supply chain operations reference model (SCOR) 101 Summary 105 Discussion questions 105 References 106 Suggested further reading 106 Part Two LEVERAGING LOGISTICS OPERATIONS 4 Managing logistics internationally 109 Introduction 109 4.1 Drivers and logistics implications of internationalisation 111 4.1.1 Logistical implications of internationalisation 114 4.1.2 Time-to-market 115 4.1.3 Global consolidation 116 4.1.4 Risk in international logistics 119 4.2 The tendency towards internationalisation 120 4.2.1 Focused factories: from geographical to product segmentation 120 4.2.2 Centralised inventories 121 4.3 The challenges of international logistics and location 124 4.3.1 Extended lead time of supply 125 4.3.2 Extended and unreliable transit times 125 4.3.3 Multiple consolidation and break points 125 4.3.4 Multiple freight modes and cost options 126 4.3.5 Price and currency fluctuations 126 4.3.6 Location analysis 128 4.4 Organising for international logistics 130 4.4.1 Layering and tiering 130 4.4.2 The evolving role of individual plants 131 4.4.3 Reconfiguration processes 132 4.5 Reverse logistics 141 4.6 Managing for risk readiness 143 4.6.1 Immediate risk readiness 143 4.6.2 Structural risk readiness 144 4.7 Corporate social responsibility in the supply chain 145 Summary 150 Discussion questions 150 References 151 Suggested further reading 151 5 Managing the lead-time frontier 153 Introduction 153 5.1 The role of time in competitive advantage 154 5.1.1 Time-based competition: definition and concepts 154 5.1.2 Variety and complexity 155 5.1.3 Time-based initiatives 156 5.1.4 Time-based opportunities to add value 157 5.1.5 Time-based opportunities to reduce cost 159 5.1.6 Limitations to time-based approaches 161 5.2 P:D ratios and differences 162 5.2.1 Using time as a performance measure 162 5.2.2 Using time to measure supply pipeline performance 163 5.2.3 Consequences when P-time is greater than D-time 165 5.3 Time-based process mapping 168 5.3.1 Stage 1: Create a task force 169 5.3.2 Stage 2: Select the process to map 169 5.3.3 Stage 3: Collect data 170 5.3.4 Stage 4: Flow chart the process 170 5.3.5 Stage 5: Distinguish between value-adding and non-value-adding time 170 5.3.6 Stage 6: Construct the time-based process map 171 5.3.7 Stage 7: Solution generation 171 5.4 Managing timeliness in the logistics pipeline 176 5.4.1 Strategies to cope when P-time is greater than D-time 177 5.4.2 Practices to cope when P-time is greater than D-time 178 5.5 A method for implementing time-based practices 179 5.5.1 Step 1: Understand your need to change 179 5.5.2 Step 2: Understand your processes 180 5.5.3 Step 3: Identify unnecessary process steps and large amounts of wasted time 181 5.5.4 Step 4: Understand the causes of waste 181 5.5.5 Step 5: Change the process 181 5.5.6 Step 6: Review changes 181 5.5.7 Results 182 5.6 When, where and how? 183 Summary 183 Discussion questions 184 References 184 Suggested further reading 184 6 Supply chain planning and control 185 Introduction 185 6.1 The supply chain 'game plan' 187 6.1.1 Planning and control within manufacturing 187 6.1.2 Managing inventory in the supply chain 193 6.1.3 Planning and control in retailing 198 6.1.4 Inter-firm planning and control 201 6.2 Overcoming poor coordination in retail supply chains 203 6.2.1 Efficient consumer response (ECR) 204 6.2.2 Collaborative planning, forecasting and replenishment (CPFR) 210 6.2.3 Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) 214 6.2.4 Quick response (QR) 217 Summary 218 Discussion questions 219 References 219 Suggested further reading 220 7 Just-in-time and the agile supply chain 221 Introduction 221 7.1 Just-in-time and lean thinking 223 7.1.1 The just-in-time system 224 7.1.2 The seven wastes 228 7.1.3 JIT and material requirements planning 229 7.1.4 Lean thinking 232 7.1.5 Application of lean thinking to business processes 234 7.1.6 Role of lean practices 235 7.2 The concept of agility 236 7.2.1 Classifying operating environments 241 7.2.2 Preconditions for successful agile practice 242 7.2.3 Developing measures that put the end-customer first to improve market sensitivity 246 7.2.4 Shared goals to improve virtual integration 247 7.2.5 -Boundary spanning S&OP process to improve process integration 248 Summary 249 Discussion questions 250 References 251 Suggested further reading 252 Part Three WORKING TOGETHER 8 Integrating the supply chain 255 Introduction 255 8.1 Integration in the supply chain 257 8.1.1 Internal integration: function to function 258 8.1.2 Inter-company integration: a manual approach 259 8.1.3 Electronic integration 260 8.2 Choosing the right supply relationships 264 8.3 Partnerships in the supply chain 270 8.3.1 Economic justification for partnerships 271 8.3.2 Advantages of partnerships 271 8.3.3 Disadvantages of partnerships 271 8.4 Supply base rationalisation 272 8.4.1 Supplier management 272 8.4.2 Lead suppliers 272 8.5 Supplier networks 273 8.5.1 Supplier associations 273 8.5.2 Japanese keiretsu 276 8.5.3 Italian districts 278 8.5.4 Chinese industrial areas 280 8.6 Supplier development 284 8.6.1 Integrated processes 284 8.6.2 Synchronous production 285 8.7 Implementing strategic partnerships 285 8.8 Managing supply chain relationships 290 8.8.1 Creating closer relationships 290 8.8.2 Factors in forming supply chain relationships 291 Summary 292 Discussion questions 294 References 295 Suggested further reading 297 9 Sourcing and supply management 299 Introduction 299 9.1 What does procurement do? 301 9.1.1 Drivers of procurement value 302 9.2 Rationalising the supply base 314 9.3 Segmenting the supply base 316 9.3.1 Preferred suppliers 319 9.3.2 Strategic relationships 320 9.3.3 Establishing policies per supplier segment 320 9.3.4 Vendor rating 321 9.3.5 Executive ownership of supply relationships 322 9.3.6 Migrating towards customer of choice status 324 9.4 Procurement technology 326 9.5 Markers of boardroom value 326 9.6 What does top procurement talent look like? 327 Summary 328 Discussion questions 329 References 329 Suggested further reading 330 Part Four CHANGING THE FUTURE 10 Logistics future challenges and opportunities 333 Introduction 333 10.1 Changing economics? 334 10.2 Internal alignment 336 10.3 Selecting collaborative opportunities upstream and downstream 340 10.4 Managing with cost-to-serve to support growth and profitability 343 10.5 The supply chain manager of the future 345 10.6 Changing chains 347 Summary 349 Discussion questions 350 References 350 Suggested further reading 350 Index 351

Product Details

  • publication date: 12/06/2014
  • ISBN13: 9781292004150
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 464
  • ID: 9781292004150
  • weight: 980
  • ISBN10: 1292004150
  • edition: New edition

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