London and the Middle East: Money, Power, and War, 1902-1922
By: Roger Adelson (author)Hardback
4 - 6 days availability
In the first quarter of the twentieth century, the British Government, the banks, and leading individuals in London reached historic decisions that determined the name, shape, and future of the region known as the Middle East. In this innovative and entertaining book, Adelson examines who made policy, on what grounds, with what information, and with what results -- identifying the virtual invention of the modern Middle East and the origins of the ethnic and nationalistic antagonisms that characterize the region today.
Prologue: power and responsibility. Part 1 British ascendancy: the British in the 19th century; London's architecture of power; nine major cabinet ministers; labelling the Middle East; the Middle East and the 20th century. Part 2 The status quo 1902-1905: London's mood after the Boer War; Balfour at Downing Street; Lansdowne's diplomacy; ending diplomatic isolation; Fleet Street and the Baghdad Railway; Russia's defeat and the entente with France. Part 3 Diplomatic defensives 1905-1911: the Liberals in power, Grey at the Foreign Office; Persia and the Anglo-Russian convention; ignorance of languages and customs; the young Turks; finance, trade, and "The Near East"; Cromer's Egypt. Part 4 Preparing for war 1911-1914: Lloyd George's budgets and Churchill's navy; Turkish defeats; Kitchener in Egypt and beyond railway settlements; Persia and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, Whitehall's war against the Turkish Empire; war and censorship. Part 5 Great powerlessness 1914-1916: committees, Asquith, and Lloyd George, Westerner vs. Easterner strategy; Dardanelles and Gallipoli; Salonika and Baghdad; the Arabs and secret diplomacy; general staff opposition to "Side Shows"; Northcliffe's press and cover ups. Part 6 War imperatives 1916-1918: financial dependence on the United States; Lloyd George's manipulation of policy; advancing to Baghdad & Jerusalem; the Balfour declaration and war aims; whither Russia?; crises on the Western and Home Fronts; armistices with Bulgaria and Turkey. Part 7 Mounting demands 1918-1922: Lloyd George's personal diplomacy; Curzon and post-war Persia; a "Devil's Cauldron"; economic and Irish troubles; impatience in Fleet Street and Westminster; Churchill's "Ungrateful Volcano"; facing Egyptian and Turkish nationalism. Epilogue: London's legacy.
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- ID: 9780300060942
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