This book provides a thoroughly edited text of Antonio Machado's Campos de Castilla, one of twentieth-century Spain's best-loved volumes of poetry. An extensive Introduction offers an in-depth commentary on his themes, techniques and metaphysical manner. In addition to examining the various influences on his work - Krausism, Bergsonism and the '98 Generation's concern for "el problema de Espana" - the Introduction looks closely at Machado's life, especially the years of compisition, 1907-1917, and it traces the critical phases in his poetic development: the discovery of the Castilian landscape in Soria, his growing political consciousness, his personal tragedy as a bereaved husband, his existential meditations in Baeza. Annotations in the form of Endnotes provide additional factual information and clarify points of difficulty in the text.
Robert Havard was born in Treherbert, Rhondda, in 1944. He was awarded his doctorate by the University of Wales in 1969 and subsequently held posts as Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of California, Los Angeles and Senior Lecturer at Auckland University. He is currently Reader and Head of Spanish at the Univerisity of Wales, Aberystwyth, where he lives with his wife and two daughters. A recognized authority of modern Spanish poetry, Robert Havard has written several books and numerous articles on poets such as Becquer, Rosalia de Castro, Jorge Guillen, Pedro Salinas, Garcia Lorca and Rafael Alberti, as well as Antonio Machado.