Overturns the belief that Calvin's rigorous arguments for providence and life after death essentially prevent any further consideration of lament in theology. This book examines Luther and Calvin on grief and lament and discovers through a close reading of letters, commentaries, and sermons that the reformers actually encourage righteous lament in times of pain and desolation. This means that the feeling of lament stems from a pure heart and is disposed to rest in God's unfailing love, even at such times. It concludes with some pastoral insights gleaned from the reformers' writing. Instead the book favors a view that Calvin and Luther believed grief was necessary as long as it was done with a pure heart, and there are examples from their written texts, such as Luther mourning the death of a child. In this book the author blends Luther and Calvin's views on grief and lament with humanity and sympathy, with intellectual and scholarly integrity and with personal and pastoral sensitivity.