Macroeconomics (Pearson New International Edition of 12th revised ed.)

Macroeconomics (Pearson New International Edition of 12th revised ed.)

By: Robert J. Gordon (author)Paperback

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Macroeconomics is widely praised for its ability to present theory as a way of evaluating key macro questions, such as why some countries are rich and others are poor. Students have a natural interest in what is happening today and what will happen in the near future. Macroeconomics capitalizes on their interest by beginning with business cycles and monetary-fiscal policy in both closed and open economy. After that, Gordon presents a unique dynamic analysis of demand and supply shocks as causes of inflation and unemployment, followed by a dual approach to economic growth in which theory and real-world examples are used to compare rich and poor countries. MyEconLab New Design is now available for this title! MyEconLab New Design offers: *One Place for All of Your Courses. Improved registration experience and a single point of access for instructors and students who are teaching and learning multiple MyLab/Mastering courses. *A Simplified User Interface. The new user interface offers quick and easy access to Assignments, Study Plan, eText & Results, as well as additional option for course customization. *New Communication Tools. The following new communication tools can be used to foster collaboration, class participation, and group work. *Email: Instructors can send emails to their entire class, to individual students or to instructors who has access to their course. *Discussion Board: The discussion board provides students with a space to respond and react to the discussions you create. These posts can also be separated out into specific topics where students can share their opinions/answers and respond to their fellow classmates' posts. *Chat/ ClassLive: ClassLive is an interactive chat tool that allows instructors and students to communicate in real time. ClassLive can be used with a group of students or one-on-one to share images or PowerPoint presentations, draw or write objects on a whiteboard, or send and received graphed or plotted equations. ClassLive also has additional classroom management tools, including polling and hand-raising. *Enhanced eText. Available within the online course materials and offline via an iPad app, the enhanced eText allows instructors and students to highlight, bookmark, take notes, and share with one another.

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CHAPTER 1 What Is Macroeconomics? 1-1 How Macroeconomics Affects Our Everyday Lives Global Economic Crisis Focus: What Makes It Unique? 1-2 Defining Macroeconomics 1-3 Actual and Natural Real GDP 1-4 Macroeconomics in the Short Run and Long Run 1-5 CASE STUDY: How Does the Global Economic Crisis Compare to Previous Business Cycles? Global Economic Crisis Focus: How It Differs from 1982-83 1-6 Macroeconomics at the Extremes 1-7 Taming Business Cycles: Stabilization Policy International Perspective: Differences Between the United States and Europe Before and During the Global Economic Crisis Global Economic Crisis Focus: New Challenges for Monetary and Fiscal Policy 1-8 The "Internationalization" of Macroeconomics CHAPTER 2 The Measurement of Income, Prices, and Unemployment 2-1 Why We Care About Income 2-2 The Circular Flow of Income and Expenditure 2-3 What GDP Is, and What GDP Is Not [BOX]Where to Find the Numbers: A Guide to the Data 2-4 Components of Expenditure Global Economic Crisis Focus: Which Component of GDP Declined the Most in the Global Economic Crisis? 2-5 The "Magic" Equation and the Twin Deficits Global Economic Crisis Focus: Chicken or Egg in Recessions? 2-6 Where Does Household Income Come From? 2-7 Nominal GDP, Real GDP, and the GDP Deflator [BOX] How to Calculate Inflation, Real GDP Growth, or Any Other Growth Rate 2-8 Measuring Unemployment Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: The Ranks of the Hidden Unemployed APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 2: How We Measure Real GDP and the Inflation Rate CHAPTER 3 Income and Interest Rates: The Keynesian Cross Model and the IS Curve 3-1 Business Cycles and the Theory of Income Determination Global Economic Crisis Focus: What Were the Shocks That Made the 2008--09 Economic Crisis So Severe? 3-2 Income Determination, Unemployment, and the Price Level 3-3 Planned Expenditure Global Economic Crisis Focus: Financial Market Instability as the Main Cause of the Global Economic Crisis 3-4 The Economy In and Out of Equilibrium Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: How Changes in Wealth Influence Consumer Spending 3-5 The Multiplier Effect 3-6 Sources of Shifts in Planned Spending 3-7 How Can Monetary Policy Affect Planned Spending? 3-8 The Relation of Autonomous Planned Spending to the Interest Rate Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: A Central Explanation of Business Cycles Is the Volatility of Investment 3-9 The IS Curve 3-10 Conclusion: The Missing Relation [BOX] Learning About Diagrams: The IS Curve APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 3:Allowing for Income Taxes and Income-Dependent Net Exports CHAPTER 4 Strong and Weak Policy Effects in the IS-LM Model 4-1 Introduction: The Power of Monetary and Fiscal Policy 4-2 Income, the Interest Rate, and the Demand for Money 4-3 The LM Curve [BOX]Learning About Diagrams: The LM Curve 4-4 The IS Curve Meets the LM Curve Global Economic Crisis Focus: TITLE TO COME 4-5 Monetary Policy in Action 4-6 How Fiscal Expansion Can "Crowd Out" Private Investment Global Economic Crisis Focus: TITLE TO COME 4-7 Strong and Weak Effects of Monetary Policy Understanding the Global Economic Crisis:How Easy Money Helped to Create the Housing Bubble and Bust 4-8 Strong and Weak Effects of Fiscal Policy 4-9 Using Fiscal and Monetary Policy Together International Perspective: Monetary Policy Hits the Zero Lower Bound in Japan and the United States APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 4:The Elementary Algebra of the IS-LM Model CHAPTER 5 Financial Markets, Financial Regulation, and Economic Instability 5-1 Introduction: Financial Markets and Macroeconomics 5-2 CASE STUDY: Dimensions of the Global Economic Crisis 5-3 Financial Institutions, Balance Sheets, and Leverage 5-4 A Hardy Perennial: Bubbles and Crashes Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: Two Bubbles: 1927-29 in the Stock Market Versus 2000-06 in the Housing Market 5-5 Financial Innovation and the Subprime Mortgage Market 5-6 The IS-LM Model, Financial Markets, and the Monetary Policy Dilemma [BOX] Why Do Asset Purchases Reduce Interest Rates? Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: The IS-LM Summary of the Causes of the Global Economic Crisis 5-7 The Fed's New Instrument: Quantitative Easing 5-8 How the Crisis Became Worldwide and the Dilemma for Policymakers International Perspective: Weighing the Causes: Why Did Canada Perform Better? CHAPTER 6 The Government Budget, the Government Debt, and Limitations of Fiscal Policy 6-1 Introduction: Can Fiscal Policy Rescue Monetary Policy from Ineffectiveness? 6-2 The Pervasive Effects of the Government Budget 6-3 CASE STUDY:The Government Budget in Historical Perspective 6-4 Automatic Stabilization and Discretionary Fiscal Policy Global Economic Crisis Focus: Automatic Stabilization and Fiscal Stimulus in the Crisis 6-5 Government Debt Basic Concepts 6-6 Will the Government Remain Solvent? International Perspective: The Debt-GDP Ratio: How Does the United States Compare? 6-7 CASE STUDY: Historical Behavior of the Debt-GDP Ratio Since 1790 6-8 Factors Influencing the Multiplier Effect of a Fiscal Policy Stimulus 6-9 CASE STUDY: The Fiscal Policy Stimulus of 2008-11 6-10 Government Spending and Transfers to States/Localities Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: Comparing the Obama Stimulus with FDR's New Deal 6-11 Conclusion: Strengths and Limitations of Fiscal Policy CHAPTER 7 International Trade, Exchanges Rates, and Macroeconomic Policy 7-1 Introduction 7-2 The Current Account and Balance of Payments 7-3 Exchange Rates 7-4 The Market for Foreign Exchange 7-5 Real Exchange Rates and Purchasing Power Parity International Perspective: Big Mac Meets PPP 7-6 Exchange Rate Systems 7-7 CASE STUDY: Asia Intervenes with Buckets to Buy Dollars and Finance the U.S. Current Account Deficit-How Long Can This Continue? 7-8 Determinants of Net Exports 7-9 The Real Exchange Rate and Interest Rate 7-10 Effects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy with Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates Global Economic Crisis Focus: Is the United States Prevented from Implementing a Fiscal Policy Stimulus by Its Flexible Exchange Rate? [BOX] Summary of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Effects in Open Economies 7-11 Conclusion: Economic Policy in the Open Economy CHAPTER 8 Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply, and the Great Depression 8-1 Combining Aggregate Demand with Aggregate Supply 8-2 Flexible Prices and the AD Curve 8-3 Shifting the Aggregate Demand Curve with Monetary and Fiscal Policy Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Crisis Was a Demand Problem Not Involving Supply [BOX] Learning About Diagrams: The AD Curve 8-4 Alternative Shapes of the Short-Run Aggregate Supply Curve 8-5 The Short-Run Aggregate Supply (SAS) Curve When the Nominal Wage Rate Is Constant [BOX] Learning About Diagrams: The SAS Curve 8-6 Fiscal and Monetary Expansion in the Short and Long Run [BOX] Summary of the Economy's Adjustment to an Increase in Aggregate Demand 8-7 Classical Macroeconomics: The Quantity Theory of Money and the Self-Correcting Economy 8-8 The Keynesian Revolution: The Failure of Self-Correction Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Zero Lower Bound as Another Source of Monetary Impotence 8-9 CASE STUDY: What Caused the Great Depression? International Perspective: Why Was the Great Depression Worse in the United States Than in Europe? CHAPTER 9 Inflation: Its Causes and Cures 9-1 Introduction 9-2 Real GDP, the Inflation Rate, and the Short-Run Phillips Curve 9-3 The Adjustment of Expectations [BOX] Learning About Diagrams: The Short-Run (SP) and Long-Run (LP) Phillips Curves 9-4 Nominal GDP Growth and Inflation 9-5 Effects of an Acceleration in Nominal GDP Growth 9-6 Expectations and the Inflation Cycle 9-7 Recession as a Cure for Inflation International Perspective: Did Disinflation in Europe Differ from That in the United States? Global Economic Crisis Focus: Policymakers Face the Perils of Deflation 9-8 The Importance of Supply Shocks [BOX] Types of Supply Shocks and When They Mattered 9-9 The Response of Inflation and the Output Ratio to a Supply Shock Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: The Role of Inflation During the Housing Bubble and Subsequent Economic Collapse 9-10 Inflation and Output Fluctuations: Recapitulation of Causes and Cures 9-11 How Is the Unemployment Rate Related to the Inflation Rate? APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 9: The Elementary Algebra of the SP-DG Model CHAPTER 10 The Goals of Stabilization Policy: Low Inflation and Low Unemployment Global Economic Crisis Focus: Inflation Versus Unemployment in the Crisis 10-1 The Costs and Causes of Inflation 10-2 Money and Inflation International Perspective: Money Growth and Inflation 10-3 Why Inflation Is Not Harmless Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Housing Bubble as Surprise Inflation Followed by Surprise Deflation [BOX] The Wizard of Oz as a Monetary Allegory 10-4 Indexation and Other Reforms to Reduce the Costs of Inflation [BOX] The Indexed Bond (TIPS) Protects Investors from Inflation 10-5 The Government Budget Constraint and the Inflation Tax Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: How a Large Recession Can Create a Large Fiscal Deficit 10-6 Starting and Stopping a Hyperinflation 10-7 Why the Unemployment Rate Cannot Be Reduced to Zero 10-8 Sources of Mismatch Unemployment Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Crisis Raises the Incidence of Structural Unemployment 10-10 The Costs of Persistently High Unemployment Understanding the Global Economic Crisis: Why Did Unemployment Rise Less in Europe Than in the United States After 2007? 10-11 Conclusion: Solutions to the Inflation and Unemployment Dilemma CHAPTER 11 The Theory of Economic Growth 11-1 The Importance of Economic Growth 11-2 Standards of Living as the Consequence of Economic Growth International Perspective: The Growth Experience of Seven Countries Over the Last Century 11-3 The Production Function and Economic Growth 11-4 Solow's Theory of Economic Growth 11-5 Technology in Theory and Practice 11-6 Puzzles That Solow's Theory Cannot Explain 11-7 Human Capital, Immigration, and the Solow Puzzles 11-8 Endogenous Growth Theory: How Is Technological Change Produced? 11-9 Conclusion: Are There Secrets of Growth? APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 11:General Functional Forms and the Production Function CHAPTER 12 The Big Questions of Economic Growth 12-1 Answering the Big Questions 12-2 The Standard of Living and Concepts of Productivity 12-3 The Failure of Convergence 12-4 Human Capital and Technology 12-5 Political Capital, Infrastructure, and Geography International Perspective: A Symptom of Poverty: Urban Slums in the Poor Cities International Perspective: Institutions Matter: South Korea Versus North Korea International Perspective: Growth Success and Failure in the Tropics 12-6 CASE STUDY: Uneven U.S. Productivity Growth Across Eras Global Economic Crisis Focus: Lingering Effects of the 2007-09 Recession on Long-Term Economic Growth 12-7 CASE STUDY: The Productivity Growth Contrast Between Europe and the United States 12-8 Conclusion on the Great Questions of Growth CHAPTER 13 The Goals, Tools, and Rules of Monetary Policy 13-1 The Central Role of Demand Shocks Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Weakness of Monetary Policy After 2008 Reveals a More General Problem 13-2 Stabilization Targets and Instruments in the Activists' Paradise [BOX]Rules Versus Activism in a Nutshell: The Optimism-Pessimism Grid 13-3 Policy Rules 13-4 Policy Pitfalls: Lags and Uncertain Multipliers 13-5 CASE STUDY: Was the Fed Responsible for the Great Moderation of 1986-2007? 13-6 Time Inconsistency, Credibility, and Reputation 13-7 CASE STUDY: The Taylor Rule and the Changing Fed Attitude Toward Inflation and Output Global Economic Crisis Focus: Taylor's Rule Confronts the Zero Lower Bound 13-8 Rules Versus Discretion: An Assessment International Perspective: The Debate About the Euro 13-9 CASE STUDY: Should Monetary Policy Target the Exchange Rate? CHAPTER 14 The Economics of Consumption Behavior 14-1 Consumption and Economic Stability 14-2 CASE STUDY: Main Features of U.S. Consumption Data 14-3 Background: The Conflict Between the Time-Series and Cross-Section Evidence 14-4 Forward-Looking Behavior: The Permanent-Income Hypothesis 14-5 Forward-Looking Behavior: The Life-Cycle Hypothesis Global Economic Crisis Focus: The Modigliani Theory Helps Explain the Crisis and Recession of 2007-09 14-6 Rational Expectations and Other Amendments to the Simple Forward-Looking Theories Understanding the Global Economic Crisis:Did Households Spend or Save the 2008 Economic Stimulus Payments? 14-7 Bequests and Uncertainty International Perspective: Why Do Some Countries Save So Much? 14-8 CASE STUDY: Did the Rise and Collapse of Household Assets Cause the Decline and Rise of the Household Saving Rate? 14-9 Why the Official Household Saving Data Are Misleading 14-10 Conclusion: Does Consumption Stabilize the Economy? CHAPTER 15 The Economics of Investment Behavior 15-1 Investment and Economic Stability 15-2 CASE STUDY: The Historical Instability of Investment 15-3 The Accelerator Hypothesis of Net Investment 15-4 CASE STUDY: The Simple Accelerator and the Postwar U.S. Economy 15-5 The Flexible Accelerator [BOX] Tobin's q: Does It Explain Investment Better Than the Accelerator or Neoclassical Theories? 15-6 The Neoclassical Theory of Investment Behavior 15-7 User Cost and the Role of Monetary and Fiscal Policy 15-8 Business Confidence and Speculation [BOX] Investment in the Great Depression and World War II International Perspective: The Level and Variability of Investment Around the World 15-9 Investment as a Source of Instability of Output and Interest Rates 15-10 Conclusion: Investment as a Source of Instability 545 CHAPTER 16 New Classical Macro and New Keynesian Macro 16-1 Introduction: Classical and Keynesian Economics, Old and New 16-2 Imperfect Information and the "Fooling Model" 16-3 The Lucas Model and the Policy Ineffectiveness Proposition 16-4 The Real Business Cycle Model 16-5 New Classical Macroeconomics: Limitations and Positive Contributions International Perspective: Productivity Fluctuations in the United States and Japan Global Economic Crisis Focus: The 2007-09 Crisis and the Real Business Cycle Model 16-6 Essential Features of the New Keynesian Economics 16-7 Why Small Nominal Rigidities Have Large Macroeconomic Effects 16-8 Coordination Failures and Indexation 16-9 Long-Term Labor Contracts as a Source of the Business Cycle 16-10 Assessment of the New Keynesian Model CHAPTER 17 Conclusion: Where We Stand 17-1 The Evolution of Events and Ideas Global Economic Crisis Focus: Can Economics Explain the Crisis or Does the Crisis Require New Ideas? 17-2 The Reaction of Ideas to Events, 1923-47 17-3 The Reaction of Ideas to Events, 1947-69 17-4 The Reaction of Ideas to Events, 1970-2010 Global Economic Crisis Focus: Termites Were Nibbling Away at the Prosperity of 2003-07 17-5 The Reaction of Ideas to Events in the World Economy 17-6 Macro Mysteries: Unsettled Issues and Debates International Perspective: How Does Macroeconomics Differ in the United States and Europe? APPENDIXES A International Annual Time Series Data for Selected Countries: 1960-2010 B Data Sources and Methods Glossary Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 31/07/2013
  • ISBN13: 9781292022079
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 636
  • ID: 9781292022079
  • weight: 1342
  • ISBN10: 1292022078
  • edition: Pearson New International Edition of 12th revised ed.

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