Magical realism is often regarded as a regional trend, restricted to the Latin American writers who popularized it as a literary form. In this critical anthology, the first of its kind, editors Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris show magical realism to be an international movement with a wide-ranging history and a significant influence among the literatures of the world. In essays on texts by writers as diverse as Toni Morrison, Gunter Grass, Salman Rushdie, Derek Walcott, Abe Kobo, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and many others, magical realism is examined as a worldwide phenomenon.
Presenting the first English translation of Franz Roh's 1925 essay in which the term magical realism was coined, as well as Alejo Carpentier's classic 1949 essay that introduced the concept of lo real maravilloso to the Americas, this anthology begins by tracing the foundations of magical realism from its origins in the art world to its current literary contexts. It offers a broad range of critical perspectives and theoretical approaches to this movement, as well as intensive analyses of various cultural traditions and individual texts from Eastern Europe, Asia, North America, Africa, the Caribbean, and Australia, in addition to those from Latin America. In situating magical realism within the expanse of literary and cultural history, this collection describes a mode of writing that has been a catalyst in the development of new regional literatures and a revitalizing force for more established narrative traditions-writing particularly alive in postcolonial contexts and a major component of postmodernist fiction.
Lois Parkinson Zamora is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Houston. Wendy B. Faris is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Texas, Arlington.
Acknowledgments x Introduction: Daiquiri Birds and Flaubertian Parrot(ie)s/ Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris 1 1. Foundations Magic Realism: Post-Expressionism 91925) / Franz Roh 15 Magic Realism, New Objectivity, and the Arts during the Weimar Republic / Irene Guenther 33 On the Marvelous Real in America (1949) / Alejo Carpentier 75 The Baroque and the Marvelous Real (1975) / Alejo Carpentier 89 Magical Realism in Spanish American Fiction (1955) / Angel Flores 109 Magical Realism in Spanish American Literature (1967) / Louis Leal 119 The Territorialization of the Imaginary in Latin America: Self-Affirmation and Resistance to Metropolitan Paradigms / Amaryl Chanady 125 Sources of Magic Realism/Supplements to Realism in Contemporary Latin American Literature / Scott Simpkins 145 II. Theory Scheherazade's Children: Magical Realism and Postmodern Fiction / Wendy B. Faris 163 Magic Realism and Postmodernism: Decentering Privileged Centers / Theo L. D'haen 191 The Metamorphoses of Fictional Space: Magical Realism / Rawdon Wilson 209 The Textualization of the Reader in Magical Realist Fiction / Jon Thiem 235 Psychic Realism, Mythic Realism, Grotesque Realism: Variations on Magic Realism in Contemporary Literature in English / Jeanne Delbaere-Garant 249 III. History Magical Realism, Compensatory Vision, and Felt History: Classical Realism Transformed in The White Hotel / John Burt Foster Jr. 267 Past-On Stories: History and the Magically Real, Morrison and Allende on Call / P. Gabrielle Foreman 285 Narrative Trickery and Performative Historiography: Fictional Representation of National Identity in Graham Swift, Peter Carey, and Mordecai Richler / Richard Todd 305 Saleem Fathered by Oskar: Midnight's Children, Magic Realism, and The Tin Drum / Patricia Merivale 329 Magical Archetypes: Midlife Miracles in The Satanic Verses / Steven F. Walker 347 Derek Walcott and Alejo Carpentier: Nature, History, and the Caribbean Writer / David Milkies 371 IV. Community Magic Realism as Postcolonial Discourse / Stephen Slemon 407 Metoikoi and Magical Realism in the Maghrebian Narratives of Tahar ben Jelloun and Abdelkebir Khatibi / John Erickson 427 The Magic of Identity: Magic Realism in Modern Japanese Fiction / Susan J. Napier 451 Roads of "Exquisite Mysterious Muck": The Magical Journey through the City in William Kennedy's Ironweed, John Cheever's "The Enormous Radio," and Donald Barthelme's "City Life" 477 Magical Romance/Magical Realism: Ghosts in U.S. and Latin American Fiction / Lois Parkinson Zamora 497 Selected Bibliography 551 Contributors 559 Index 563