The siting or development of risky facilities, such as nuclear power plants or waste repositories, remains an intractable policy problem for all democratic nations. In this valuable new book, the authors present a comparative study of various siting controversies in North America, Asia, Europe and Australia. They argue that devising effective policies for dealing with siting conflicts will require social learning and changes in both institutional design and policy process.
This volume studies the issue of siting in the context of a transactions cost framework. It analyses the extent to which the institutional and policy environment can assist in managing siting conflicts, as well as considering the effect of other important factors such as equity, incentive structures, social pressures, alliances, the nature of decision processes and information strategies. By adopting a broad comparative perspective and using international case studies, the authors are able to identify the similarities and differences in siting problems between nations, and the approaches and policies adopted. As well as extending the theoretical and comparative knowledge of siting conflicts, they also help to develop more robust and effective policies for managing and resolving future disputes.
This book addresses a growing policy problem confronting all democratic nations. By exploring the lessons to be learned from international siting experiences, it will prove invaluable reading for academics, policymakers, government agencies, NGOs, and other societal interests involved in environmental and siting issues.
Edited by S. Hayden Lesbirel, Associate Professor of Political Science, James Cook University, Australia and Daigee Shaw, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Contents: Preface 1. Transaction Costs and Institutional Change 2. Siting Hazardous Facilities: Searching for Effective Institutions and Processes 3. Fair Strategies for Siting Hazardous Waste Facilities 4. Mitigation and Benefits Measures as Policy Tools for Siting Potentially Hazardous Facilities: Determinants of Effectiveness and Appropriateness 5. Social Pressure in Siting Conflicts: A Case Study of Siting a Radioactive Waste Repository in Pennsylvania 6. The Limits of Flexible and Adaptive Institutions: The Japanese Government's Role in Nuclear Power Plant Siting over the Post War Period 7. Implementing Structured Participation for Regional Level Waste Management Planning 8. Communication and Information: Unanticipated Consequences in France's Underground Laboratory Siting Process 9. Balancing Risks to Nature and Risks to People: The Coode Island/Point Lillias Project in Australia 10. Visions of the Future for Facility Siting Index