This book brings together seminal articles by leading scholars of technological and organizational systems, exploring the impact of a modularitya . Modularity refers to an ability to take apart and put together differenct products and networks, or to a mix and matcha components in order to meet different user specifications. This is of key importance today where new systems such as the World Wide Web and many areas of the computer industry depend on it. The volume pulls together and defines an exciting new area of inquiry: into how our a modular agea is reshaping the business eco--system. * Includes contributions from leading scholars of technology and organization * Modularity refers to an ability to take apart and put together different products and systems, or to a mix and matcha components in order to meet different user specifications. * Consolidates and defines an area of inquiry that is becoming increasingly important with the development of web--based and a networka industries.
* Sensitizes readers to the complexity of issues surrounding new modular products and systems created by e--business * Encourages readers to make connections among different levels and disciplines. * Initiates a debate around issues of modularity. * Includes a commentary co--authored by the late Nobel Laureate Herbert A. Simon to whom the book is dedicated.
Raghu Garud is Associate Professor of Management and Organizational Behavior at Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University. Besides authoring many articles on modularity that have been published in leading management journals, Raghu has co--edited and co--authored several books, including Path Dependence and Creation (2001), The Innovation Journey (1999), and Technological Innovation: Oversights and Foresights (1997). He was Program Chair for the Technology and Innovation Management Division for the 2001 Academy of Management meetings. Arun Kumaraswamy is Assistant Professor of Management at the School of Business -- Camden, Rutgers University. He has published several papers on modularity and standards in journals such as the Academy of Management Journal and the Strategic Management Journal. Richard N. Langlois is Professor of Economics at the University of Connecticut. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Firms, Markets, and Economic Change: A Dynamic Theory of Business Institutions (1995). His history of the microcomputer industry won the Newcomen Award as the best article in Business History Review in 1992.
Acknowledgments. Introduction: Managing in The Modular Age: Architectures, Networks and Organizations. (R. Garud, A. Kumaraswamy, R. Langlois). Part I: Overview. 1. The Architecture of Complexity. (H. A. Simon). Commentary. (M. Augier and H. A. Simon). 2. Technological and Organizational Designs to Achieve Economies of Substitution. (R. Garud and A. Kumaraswamy). Commentary. 3. Networks And Innovation In A Modular System: Lessons From The Microcomputer And Stereo Component Industries. (R. N. Langlois and P. L. Robertson). Commentary. Part II: Modularity And Architectures. 4. The Role of Product Architecture in the Manufacturing Firm. (K. Ulrich). Commentary. 5. Managing in an Age of Modularity. (C. Y. Baldwin and K. B. Clark). Commentary. 6. Towards a General Modular Systems Theory and Its Application to Interfirm Product Modularity. (M. A. Schilling). Commentary. Part III: Networks And Standards. 7. The Economics of Networks. (N. Economides). Commentary. 8. The Art of Standards Wars. (C. Shapiro and H. R. Varian). Commentary. Part IV: Field--Level And Organizational Dynamics. 9. Dynamics of Organizational Communities and Technological Bandwagons: An Empirical Investigation of Community Evolution in the Microprocessor Market. (J. Wade). Commentary. 10. Dominant Designs, Technological Cycles and Organizational Outcomes. (M. L. Tushman and J. P. Murmann). Commentary. (G. Westerman and M. L. Tushman). 11. Modularity, Flexibility and Knowledge Management in Product and Organizational Design. (R. Sanchez and J. T. Mahoney). Commentary. (R. Sanchez). Index.